The paper investigates the stiffness and strength of composite laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and concrete beams intended for use in long-span flooring systems. Quasi-static bending tests and impact tests were conducted on four, 6 m long specimens to observe the failure mechanisms and to estimate the static and dynamic properties of the systems. One specimen, with a plain LVL member, a strong shear connection, and a concrete slab, was used as a control. The other three specimens investigated the use of (i) a proprietary, lightweight nonstructural concrete panel as a slab; (ii) a straight prestressing tendon and a strong shear connection; and (iii) a draped prestressing tendon and a weaker shear connection. All four specimens had a T-shaped cross section, with the slab supported by either one or two LVL beams. The stiffness of control beam, which is mostly related to the stiffness of the shear connection, is shown to be almost three times that of a bare LVL beam, but the beam is only 74% stronger than the bare beam. The prestressing tendons are shown to have little effect on the stiffness and strength, but reduce the deflection due to permanent load, particularly when they are draped. The proprietary lightweight concrete panels are shown to provide little structural benefit.

“Experimental behavior of prestressed LVL-concrete composite beams.”

FRAGIACOMO, Massimo;
2008-01-01

Abstract

The paper investigates the stiffness and strength of composite laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and concrete beams intended for use in long-span flooring systems. Quasi-static bending tests and impact tests were conducted on four, 6 m long specimens to observe the failure mechanisms and to estimate the static and dynamic properties of the systems. One specimen, with a plain LVL member, a strong shear connection, and a concrete slab, was used as a control. The other three specimens investigated the use of (i) a proprietary, lightweight nonstructural concrete panel as a slab; (ii) a straight prestressing tendon and a strong shear connection; and (iii) a draped prestressing tendon and a weaker shear connection. All four specimens had a T-shaped cross section, with the slab supported by either one or two LVL beams. The stiffness of control beam, which is mostly related to the stiffness of the shear connection, is shown to be almost three times that of a bare LVL beam, but the beam is only 74% stronger than the bare beam. The prestressing tendons are shown to have little effect on the stiffness and strength, but reduce the deflection due to permanent load, particularly when they are draped. The proprietary lightweight concrete panels are shown to provide little structural benefit.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/19079
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