Here, we discuss the physicochemical properties of both bulk and nanosheets of III–VI and IV–VI metal chalcogenides and their application capabilities in electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, and gas sensing by combining density function theory with surface-science experiments. In particular, GaSe, InSe, and GeSe are van der Waals semiconductors stable in water media and robust against CO poisoning, which make them suitable candidates for application as low-cost (photo)catalysts in liquid media. Both bulk and exfoliated III–VI and IV–VI metal chalcogenides are prone to oxidation, with the formation of an oxide skin in oxidative environments. The self-assembled heterostructure formed by the oxide skin and the underlying bulk of metal chalcogenides makes the Heyrovsky step of HER energetically favourable. Both metal and Se vacancies are necessary to decrease the energy barrier for HER in acid media. The oxidation modified the band gap, enabling the activation of photocatalytic process with different wavelengths. Moreover, the self-assembled metal-oxide/metal-chalcogenide heterostructure also enables sensing of NO2, NH3 and CO for an operational temperature up to 600 °C. Thus, III–VI and IV–VI semiconductors represent a suitable platform for electrochemistry, photocatalysis, and chemical sensing, owing to their low costs as raw materials and the superior application capabilities activated just exploiting the natural interaction with air, which is beneficial for improving the (photo)-electrocatalyst activity and the gas-sensing performances. © 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

III–VI and IV–VI van der Waals Semiconductors InSe, GaSe and GeSe: A Suitable Platform for Efficient Electrochemical Water Splitting, Photocatalysis and Chemical Sensing

D'Olimpio, G.;Ottaviano, L.;Politano, A.
Supervision
2022

Abstract

Here, we discuss the physicochemical properties of both bulk and nanosheets of III–VI and IV–VI metal chalcogenides and their application capabilities in electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, and gas sensing by combining density function theory with surface-science experiments. In particular, GaSe, InSe, and GeSe are van der Waals semiconductors stable in water media and robust against CO poisoning, which make them suitable candidates for application as low-cost (photo)catalysts in liquid media. Both bulk and exfoliated III–VI and IV–VI metal chalcogenides are prone to oxidation, with the formation of an oxide skin in oxidative environments. The self-assembled heterostructure formed by the oxide skin and the underlying bulk of metal chalcogenides makes the Heyrovsky step of HER energetically favourable. Both metal and Se vacancies are necessary to decrease the energy barrier for HER in acid media. The oxidation modified the band gap, enabling the activation of photocatalytic process with different wavelengths. Moreover, the self-assembled metal-oxide/metal-chalcogenide heterostructure also enables sensing of NO2, NH3 and CO for an operational temperature up to 600 °C. Thus, III–VI and IV–VI semiconductors represent a suitable platform for electrochemistry, photocatalysis, and chemical sensing, owing to their low costs as raw materials and the superior application capabilities activated just exploiting the natural interaction with air, which is beneficial for improving the (photo)-electrocatalyst activity and the gas-sensing performances. © 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/191199
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