From its advent, high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) has emerged as one of the most versatile tools in surface science. In the last few decades, HREELS was widely used for the fundamental study of (i) chemical reactions at the surfaces of model catalysts (mostly single crystals), (ii) lattice dynamics (phonons), (iii) surface plasmons and (iv) magnons. However, HREELS has experienced a continuous decay of the number of daily users worldwide so far, due to several factors. However, the rise of Dirac materials (graphene, topological insulators, Dirac semimetals) offers new perspectives for HREELS, due to its unique features enabling ultrasensitive detection of (i) chemical modifications at their surfaces, (ii) Kohn anomalies arising from electron-phonon coupling and (iii) novel plasmonic excitations associated to Dirac-cone fermions, as well as their eventual mutual interplay with other plasmon resonances related to topologically trivial electronic states. By selected case-study examples, here we show that HREELS can uniquely probe these phenomena in Dirac materials, thus validating its outstanding relevance and its irreplaceability in contemporary solid-state physics, thus paving the way for a renewed interest. In addition, recent technological upgrades enable the combination of HREELS as an add-on to photoemission apparatuses for parallel readout of energy and momentum of surface excitations. Open issues for theoretical modelling of HREELS related to the dependence on primary electron beam energy and scattering geometry are also critically presented. © the Owner Societies.

On the fate of high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS), a versatile probe to detect surface excitations: Will the Phoenix rise again?

Politano Antonio
Supervision
2021

Abstract

From its advent, high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) has emerged as one of the most versatile tools in surface science. In the last few decades, HREELS was widely used for the fundamental study of (i) chemical reactions at the surfaces of model catalysts (mostly single crystals), (ii) lattice dynamics (phonons), (iii) surface plasmons and (iv) magnons. However, HREELS has experienced a continuous decay of the number of daily users worldwide so far, due to several factors. However, the rise of Dirac materials (graphene, topological insulators, Dirac semimetals) offers new perspectives for HREELS, due to its unique features enabling ultrasensitive detection of (i) chemical modifications at their surfaces, (ii) Kohn anomalies arising from electron-phonon coupling and (iii) novel plasmonic excitations associated to Dirac-cone fermions, as well as their eventual mutual interplay with other plasmon resonances related to topologically trivial electronic states. By selected case-study examples, here we show that HREELS can uniquely probe these phenomena in Dirac materials, thus validating its outstanding relevance and its irreplaceability in contemporary solid-state physics, thus paving the way for a renewed interest. In addition, recent technological upgrades enable the combination of HREELS as an add-on to photoemission apparatuses for parallel readout of energy and momentum of surface excitations. Open issues for theoretical modelling of HREELS related to the dependence on primary electron beam energy and scattering geometry are also critically presented. © the Owner Societies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/191264
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