Background: The effects and mechanism of 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase (PTS) on lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) were studied in LUAD cells and mice with subcutaneously transplanted tumors. Methods: PTS level in tissues and cells was tested by immunohistochemistry, western blot, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The impacts of PTS on cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration were determined by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation assay, flow cytometry, transwell assay, and wound healing assay, respectively. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) analysis and dual luciferase assay were conducted to predict and verify the relationship between PTS and activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4). A mouse model was established by subcutaneous injection with cancer cells. Tumor volume was calculated as V = ab2/2. Ki67 and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining were used to measure cell proliferation and apoptosis in tumors. Results: PTS was highly expressed in LUAD. Higher PTS level was correlated with late clinical stages and poor survival of patients. Down-regulation of PTS inhibited the viability and proliferation and induced apoptosis of LUAD cells. PTS was activated by ATF4, and up-regulation of ATF4 reversed the inhibitory effect of PTS silencing on LUAD cells. Silencing of PTS inhibited the Wnt pathway. Down-regulation of PTS inhibited tumor growth in mice. Conclusions: PTS was highly expressed in LUAD. PTS was activated by ATF4 and promoted LUAD development via the Wnt pathway.

PTS is activated by ATF4 and promotes lung adenocarcinoma development via the Wnt pathway

Divisi, Duilio;
2022

Abstract

Background: The effects and mechanism of 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase (PTS) on lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) were studied in LUAD cells and mice with subcutaneously transplanted tumors. Methods: PTS level in tissues and cells was tested by immunohistochemistry, western blot, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The impacts of PTS on cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration were determined by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation assay, flow cytometry, transwell assay, and wound healing assay, respectively. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) analysis and dual luciferase assay were conducted to predict and verify the relationship between PTS and activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4). A mouse model was established by subcutaneous injection with cancer cells. Tumor volume was calculated as V = ab2/2. Ki67 and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining were used to measure cell proliferation and apoptosis in tumors. Results: PTS was highly expressed in LUAD. Higher PTS level was correlated with late clinical stages and poor survival of patients. Down-regulation of PTS inhibited the viability and proliferation and induced apoptosis of LUAD cells. PTS was activated by ATF4, and up-regulation of ATF4 reversed the inhibitory effect of PTS silencing on LUAD cells. Silencing of PTS inhibited the Wnt pathway. Down-regulation of PTS inhibited tumor growth in mice. Conclusions: PTS was highly expressed in LUAD. PTS was activated by ATF4 and promoted LUAD development via the Wnt pathway.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/193541
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