The flexibility of the foundation system significantly affects the seismic and operational performance of integral abutment bridges (IAB). The so-called pile isolation system can lead to higher flexibility in pile foundations. It consists in backfilling the pile hole with high-damping materials up to a certain depth from the surface level. However, the impact of this solution in increasing the lateral flexibility and reducing the seismic demand strongly depends on the scale factor and pile diameter. Most investigations on this topic are based on experimental tests on scaled pile specimens. This paper explores the pile isolation system's effectiveness by conducting a multivariate sensitivity analysis of the seismic demand of an IAB structural archetype. The IAB archetype is modelled as a Winkler beam with a piece-wise definition of the subgrade stiffness and equivalent viscous damping, simulating the responses of the soil and high-damping particles. The simulated data are then used to calibrate a probabilistic formulation of the seismic demand reduction due to the pre-hole. The formulation, calibrated following a Bayesian approach, is used to derive estimates of the q-factor associated with the damping pre-hole for possible use in engineering practice. The analyses demonstrate that pile isolation with high-damping material can be effective but possesses a limited dissipating capacity, with a seismic reduction factor of approximately 1 and 2.

Probabilistic formulation for the q-factor of piles with damping pre-hole

Aloisio, A
;
Contento, A;Fragiacomo, M;
2022

Abstract

The flexibility of the foundation system significantly affects the seismic and operational performance of integral abutment bridges (IAB). The so-called pile isolation system can lead to higher flexibility in pile foundations. It consists in backfilling the pile hole with high-damping materials up to a certain depth from the surface level. However, the impact of this solution in increasing the lateral flexibility and reducing the seismic demand strongly depends on the scale factor and pile diameter. Most investigations on this topic are based on experimental tests on scaled pile specimens. This paper explores the pile isolation system's effectiveness by conducting a multivariate sensitivity analysis of the seismic demand of an IAB structural archetype. The IAB archetype is modelled as a Winkler beam with a piece-wise definition of the subgrade stiffness and equivalent viscous damping, simulating the responses of the soil and high-damping particles. The simulated data are then used to calibrate a probabilistic formulation of the seismic demand reduction due to the pre-hole. The formulation, calibrated following a Bayesian approach, is used to derive estimates of the q-factor associated with the damping pre-hole for possible use in engineering practice. The analyses demonstrate that pile isolation with high-damping material can be effective but possesses a limited dissipating capacity, with a seismic reduction factor of approximately 1 and 2.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/194840
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