Sports are a double-edged sword. On the one hand, cardiovascular benefits from sports activity are well-known, and on the other hand, sports may increase the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in subjects with known or unknown cardiovascular diseases. SCD is rare but has a very strong emotional issue. There are many examples involving famous professional athletes, but this is only scratching the surface of a widespread phenomenon that also involves amateur athletes. The importance of safely performing physical activity appears clear in both professional and amateur athletes. In particular, the former undergo a pre-participation screening for SCD primary prevention with different recommendations in each country. On the other hand, a medical examination is not mandatory for non-professional athletes and, therefore, for people who practice sports as an amateur. Widespread distribution of automatic external defibrillators and people trained for cardiopulmonary resuscitation are necessary to promote secondary prevention of SCD. We briefly report a case series of athletes with aborted SCD during sports activity in order to underline and discuss in this review the previously highlighted issues.

Sport Related Sudden Death: The Importance of Primary and Secondary Prevention

Robles, Antonio Gianluca;Penco, Maria;Romano, Silvio;Sciarra, Luigi
2022

Abstract

Sports are a double-edged sword. On the one hand, cardiovascular benefits from sports activity are well-known, and on the other hand, sports may increase the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in subjects with known or unknown cardiovascular diseases. SCD is rare but has a very strong emotional issue. There are many examples involving famous professional athletes, but this is only scratching the surface of a widespread phenomenon that also involves amateur athletes. The importance of safely performing physical activity appears clear in both professional and amateur athletes. In particular, the former undergo a pre-participation screening for SCD primary prevention with different recommendations in each country. On the other hand, a medical examination is not mandatory for non-professional athletes and, therefore, for people who practice sports as an amateur. Widespread distribution of automatic external defibrillators and people trained for cardiopulmonary resuscitation are necessary to promote secondary prevention of SCD. We briefly report a case series of athletes with aborted SCD during sports activity in order to underline and discuss in this review the previously highlighted issues.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/194859
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