Candida antarctica Lipase B (CALB) is a paradigm for the family of lipases. At pH 7, the optimal pH for catalysis, the protonation state of an aspartic acid of the active site (Asp134) could not be conclusively assigned. In fact, the pK a estimate provided by a widely used computational tool, namely PropKa, that predicts pKa values of ionizable groups in proteins based on the crystallographic structure, is only slightly above 7 (pKa = 7.25). This, along with the lack of an experimental evaluation, makes the assignment of its protonation state at neutral pH challenging. Here, we calculate the pK a of Asp134 by means of a fully atomistic multiscale computational approach based on classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and the perturbed matrix method (PMM), namely the MD-PMM approach. MD-PMM is able to take into account the dynamics of the system and, at the same time, to treat the deprotonation step at the quantum level. The calculations provide a pK a value of 8.9 ± 1.1, hence suggesting that Asp134 in CALB should be protonated at neutral, and even at slightly basic, pH.

Evidence for a high pK a of an aspartic acid residue in the active site of CALB by a fully atomistic multiscale approach

Capone M.;Leonzi I.;Spreti N.;Daidone I.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Candida antarctica Lipase B (CALB) is a paradigm for the family of lipases. At pH 7, the optimal pH for catalysis, the protonation state of an aspartic acid of the active site (Asp134) could not be conclusively assigned. In fact, the pK a estimate provided by a widely used computational tool, namely PropKa, that predicts pKa values of ionizable groups in proteins based on the crystallographic structure, is only slightly above 7 (pKa = 7.25). This, along with the lack of an experimental evaluation, makes the assignment of its protonation state at neutral pH challenging. Here, we calculate the pK a of Asp134 by means of a fully atomistic multiscale computational approach based on classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and the perturbed matrix method (PMM), namely the MD-PMM approach. MD-PMM is able to take into account the dynamics of the system and, at the same time, to treat the deprotonation step at the quantum level. The calculations provide a pK a value of 8.9 ± 1.1, hence suggesting that Asp134 in CALB should be protonated at neutral, and even at slightly basic, pH.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/195412
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