The aim of this study is to evaluate the success of functional rehabilitation of one dental session in patients with severe disabilities such as severe autism, baby bottle syndrome and severe odontophobia, and to assess how patient compliance pre- and post-intervention changes in moderate sedation. Between the beginning of 2016 and the end of 2018, 20 pedodontic patients with severe odontophobia, severe autism and baby bottle syndrome who needed dental treatment came to our attention. Patients were aged between 3 and 12 years, including 9 males and 11 females, including 10 odontophobics, 6 with severe autism and 4 with baby bottle syndrome. During the first visit, these patients were evaluated with a rating scale to evaluate the need to carry out dental intervention in a moderate sedation regime. We were able to treat 18 of the 20 patients, and carried out a total of 45 extractions, 4 oral hygiene sessions, 60 dental caries, 29 root canal treatments and 13 sealing pits and fissures. Before and after treatment, each patient's mood was assessed by using a test. Control visits were performed after 30 days, 3 months and the last one after 6 months. After the last follow-up visit, the patient was asked to complete the assessment test of his mood so that it could be compared with the one completed before the intervention. Complete functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of the patient's oral cavity was carried out in a single session. Emotional state and patient compliance improved one year after surgery in about 67% of patients, especially in children with odontophobia. Children with severe autism showed less collaboration in post-intervention assessment. The approach with moderate sedation was effective for the elimination of pain and for the treatment of preventive care, also improving the compliance and the mood of young patients.

Management of pedodontic patients in moderate sedation in clinical dentistry: evaluation of behaviour before and after treatment

Mummolo, S;Quinzi, V
2020-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the success of functional rehabilitation of one dental session in patients with severe disabilities such as severe autism, baby bottle syndrome and severe odontophobia, and to assess how patient compliance pre- and post-intervention changes in moderate sedation. Between the beginning of 2016 and the end of 2018, 20 pedodontic patients with severe odontophobia, severe autism and baby bottle syndrome who needed dental treatment came to our attention. Patients were aged between 3 and 12 years, including 9 males and 11 females, including 10 odontophobics, 6 with severe autism and 4 with baby bottle syndrome. During the first visit, these patients were evaluated with a rating scale to evaluate the need to carry out dental intervention in a moderate sedation regime. We were able to treat 18 of the 20 patients, and carried out a total of 45 extractions, 4 oral hygiene sessions, 60 dental caries, 29 root canal treatments and 13 sealing pits and fissures. Before and after treatment, each patient's mood was assessed by using a test. Control visits were performed after 30 days, 3 months and the last one after 6 months. After the last follow-up visit, the patient was asked to complete the assessment test of his mood so that it could be compared with the one completed before the intervention. Complete functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of the patient's oral cavity was carried out in a single session. Emotional state and patient compliance improved one year after surgery in about 67% of patients, especially in children with odontophobia. Children with severe autism showed less collaboration in post-intervention assessment. The approach with moderate sedation was effective for the elimination of pain and for the treatment of preventive care, also improving the compliance and the mood of young patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/196952
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