Objective In this study, we aimed to describe the clinical characteristics, life-threatening complications occurrence, and mortality of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) patients with elderly onset. Methods A multicentre retrospective study of prospectively followed-up AOSD patients included in Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale (GIRRCS) cohort was performed. Results Out of 221 assessed patients, 37 (16.7%) had an onset of the disease aged over 60 years. When compared with younger patients, these were characterised by a higher prevalence of pericarditis (p=0.008), comorbidities (p < 0.0001), and mortality (p=0.023). Age predicted the presence of serositis in both univariate (HR: 1.02, 95%CI: 1.01-1.03, p=0.007) and multivariate analyses (HR: 1.02, 95%CI: 1.01-1.04, p=0.007). Age was also a significant predictor of parenchymal lung disease in both univariate (HR: 1.03, 95%CI: 1.01-1.05, p=0.017) and multivariate analyses (HR: 1.03, 95%CI: 1.00-1.05, p=0.048). Furthermore, age resulted to be a negative predictor of polycyclic pattern only in univariate analysis (HR: 0.99, 95%CI: 0.97-1.00, p=0.048). Finally, age significantly predicted the mortality in both univariate (HR: 1.03, 95%CI: 1.00-1.06, p=0.034) and multivariate analyses (HR: 1.05, 95%CI: 1.01-1.08, p=0.012). Conclusion Clinical features of AOSD patients in the elderly were described in our cohort. Although the main clinical characteristics were similar comparing older and younger patients, patients aged over 60 years at disease onset were characterised by an increased prevalence of serositis, comorbidities, mostly cardiometabolic, and a higher mortality rate. Age predicted the presence of parenchymal lung disease and mortality, and it could be considered a negative prognostic factor in AOSD.
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