Introduction: There is limited evidence to guide clinicians on the treatment of psoriasis with biologics in patients with a history of malignancy who are often excluded from clinical trials investigating biologics. The aim of this work is to report a multicenter real-life experience of secukinumab treatment in patients with psoriasis and a personal history of cancer. Methods: This retrospective observational study included adult patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis treated with secukinumab for at least 24 weeks and a previous diagnosis of cancer at 15 Italian referral centers. The primary endpoint of the study was tumor recurrence or progression and new cancer diagnosis during treatment. Secondary outcome assessment of secukinumab effectiveness (reduction of Psoriasis Area and Severity Index [PASI] score, improvement of Dermatology Life Quality Index [DLQI], itch and pain). Results: Forty-two patients (27 male) were included. Malignancy was diagnosed in the previous 5 years in 21 (56.8%) and in the previous 10 years in 37 (88.1%). The mean interval between cancer diagnosis and the start of secukinumab treatment was 3.5 ± 3.3 years. No tumor recurrence nor progression occurred over a mean of 56 ± 31.7 weeks of treatment. Three patients developed a new malignancy not related to the previous cancer. At week 48, PASI 90 was reached by 64.7% of patients and PASI 100 by 38.2%. Mean DLQI, itch, and pain VAS scores significantly improved during treatment. Conclusions: Our multicenter real-life experience is the largest reported to date focusing on a specific biologic and adds evidence to the safety of secukinumab in psoriatic patients with a personal history of cancer.

Secukinumab in Patients with Psoriasis and a Personal History of Malignancy: A Multicenter Real-Life Observational Study

Pellegrini C.;Esposito M.;Fargnoli M. C.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: There is limited evidence to guide clinicians on the treatment of psoriasis with biologics in patients with a history of malignancy who are often excluded from clinical trials investigating biologics. The aim of this work is to report a multicenter real-life experience of secukinumab treatment in patients with psoriasis and a personal history of cancer. Methods: This retrospective observational study included adult patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis treated with secukinumab for at least 24 weeks and a previous diagnosis of cancer at 15 Italian referral centers. The primary endpoint of the study was tumor recurrence or progression and new cancer diagnosis during treatment. Secondary outcome assessment of secukinumab effectiveness (reduction of Psoriasis Area and Severity Index [PASI] score, improvement of Dermatology Life Quality Index [DLQI], itch and pain). Results: Forty-two patients (27 male) were included. Malignancy was diagnosed in the previous 5 years in 21 (56.8%) and in the previous 10 years in 37 (88.1%). The mean interval between cancer diagnosis and the start of secukinumab treatment was 3.5 ± 3.3 years. No tumor recurrence nor progression occurred over a mean of 56 ± 31.7 weeks of treatment. Three patients developed a new malignancy not related to the previous cancer. At week 48, PASI 90 was reached by 64.7% of patients and PASI 100 by 38.2%. Mean DLQI, itch, and pain VAS scores significantly improved during treatment. Conclusions: Our multicenter real-life experience is the largest reported to date focusing on a specific biologic and adds evidence to the safety of secukinumab in psoriatic patients with a personal history of cancer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/198680
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