In recent decades, the need of preserving the cultural heritage is becoming very relevant due to an increase in frequency and in intensity of extreme natural events, which have recalled major attention by the Authorities on natural hazards associated. An important role, in the field of safeguard cultural heritage, is developed by structural and materials engineering. These disciplines conduct an essential role in the definition of risk and in the identification of interventions and technologies that can be used respecting the cultural value of asset. However, archaeological assets are constantly exposed to natural deterioration, human impact and a lot of different agents able to compromise their preservation. The cultural heritage, and the archaeological site are exposed to multiple types of vulnerabilities that involve different disciplines. For this reason, to ensure the preservation of cultural heritage in the time, an interdisciplinary approach is required. In this paper, a multidisciplinary engineering approach is used for the archaeological site of Pietrabbondante; the issue of preservation of cultural heritage will be examined with reference to the environmental context where the site is located.
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