The large deviation properties of equilibrium (reversible) lattice gases are mathematically reasonably well understood. Much less is known in nonequilibrium, namely for nonreversible systems. In this paper we consider a simple example of a nonequilibrium situation, the symmetric simple exclusion process in which we let the system exchange particles with the boundaries at two different rates. We prove a dynamical large deviation principle for the empirical density which describes the probability of fluctuations from the solutions of the hydrodynamic equation. The so-called quasi potential, which measures the cost of a fluctuation from the stationary state, is then defined by a variational problem for the dynamical large deviation rate function. By characterizing the optimal path, we prove that the quasi potential can also be obtained from a static variational problem introduced by Derrida, Lebowitz, and Speer.

Large deviations for the boundary driven symmetric simple exclusion process

GABRIELLI, DAVIDE;
2003-01-01

Abstract

The large deviation properties of equilibrium (reversible) lattice gases are mathematically reasonably well understood. Much less is known in nonequilibrium, namely for nonreversible systems. In this paper we consider a simple example of a nonequilibrium situation, the symmetric simple exclusion process in which we let the system exchange particles with the boundaries at two different rates. We prove a dynamical large deviation principle for the empirical density which describes the probability of fluctuations from the solutions of the hydrodynamic equation. The so-called quasi potential, which measures the cost of a fluctuation from the stationary state, is then defined by a variational problem for the dynamical large deviation rate function. By characterizing the optimal path, we prove that the quasi potential can also be obtained from a static variational problem introduced by Derrida, Lebowitz, and Speer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/20208
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