The Anderson-Fabry disease is a rare, X-linked, multisystemic, progressive lysosomal storage disease caused by α-galactosidase A total or partial deficiency. The resulting syndrome is mainly characterized by early-onset autonomic neuropathy and life-threatening multiorgan involvement, including renal insufficiency, heart disease, and early stroke. The enzyme deficiency leads to tissue accumulation of the glycosphingolipid globotriaosylceramide and its analogues, but the mechanisms linking such accumulation to organ damage are only partially understood. In contrast, enzyme replacement and chaperone therapies are already fully available to patients and allow substantial amelioration of quality and quantity of life. Substrate reduction, messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)-based, and gene therapies are also on the horizon. In this review, the clinical scenario and molecular aspects of Anderson-Fabry disease are described, along with updates on disease mechanisms and emerging therapies.

Anderson-Fabry Disease: From Endothelial Dysfunction to Emerging Therapies

Stamerra C. A.;Del Pinto R.;Di Giosia P.;Ferri C.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The Anderson-Fabry disease is a rare, X-linked, multisystemic, progressive lysosomal storage disease caused by α-galactosidase A total or partial deficiency. The resulting syndrome is mainly characterized by early-onset autonomic neuropathy and life-threatening multiorgan involvement, including renal insufficiency, heart disease, and early stroke. The enzyme deficiency leads to tissue accumulation of the glycosphingolipid globotriaosylceramide and its analogues, but the mechanisms linking such accumulation to organ damage are only partially understood. In contrast, enzyme replacement and chaperone therapies are already fully available to patients and allow substantial amelioration of quality and quantity of life. Substrate reduction, messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)-based, and gene therapies are also on the horizon. In this review, the clinical scenario and molecular aspects of Anderson-Fabry disease are described, along with updates on disease mechanisms and emerging therapies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/205760
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