Pericarditis is a common inflammatory disease affecting the pericardial sac, resulting from a variety of stimuli that trigger a stereotyped immune response. Generally selflimiting, this condition can be burdened by a significant risk of acute complications and relapses, with recurrence rates affecting up to 30% of patients, especially in the case of diagnostic and therapeutic delay. Therapeutic options in recurrent forms, initially based only on the use of traditional drugs such as colchicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and corticosteroids, have recently been enriched with new molecules, such as interleukin 1 blockers anakinra and rilonacept, particularly indicated in refractory forms dependent on corticosteroids. Other medically relevant therapeutic possibilities in refractory disease include azathioprine, methotrexate, and intravenous immunoglobulins. This brief review aims to summarize the treatment strategies of recurrent pericarditis in light of the most up-to-date evidence and recommendations.

Recurrent pericarditis is less scary: The new therapeutic solutions

Del Pinto R.;Ferri C.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Pericarditis is a common inflammatory disease affecting the pericardial sac, resulting from a variety of stimuli that trigger a stereotyped immune response. Generally selflimiting, this condition can be burdened by a significant risk of acute complications and relapses, with recurrence rates affecting up to 30% of patients, especially in the case of diagnostic and therapeutic delay. Therapeutic options in recurrent forms, initially based only on the use of traditional drugs such as colchicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and corticosteroids, have recently been enriched with new molecules, such as interleukin 1 blockers anakinra and rilonacept, particularly indicated in refractory forms dependent on corticosteroids. Other medically relevant therapeutic possibilities in refractory disease include azathioprine, methotrexate, and intravenous immunoglobulins. This brief review aims to summarize the treatment strategies of recurrent pericarditis in light of the most up-to-date evidence and recommendations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/205762
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