: Intestinal fibrosis, the most common complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is characterized by an uncontrolled deposition of extracellular matrix proteins leading to complications resolvable only with surgery. Transforming growth factor is the key player in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and fibrogenesis process, and some molecules modulating its activity, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ and its agonists, exert a promising antifibrotic action. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the contribution of signaling other than EMT, such as the AGE/RAGE (advanced glycation end products/receptor of AGEs) and the senescence pathways, in the etiopathogenesis of IBD. We used human biopsies from control and IBD patients, and we used a mouse model of colitis induced by dextran-sodium-sulfate (DSS), without/with treatments with GED (PPAR-gamma-agonist), or 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), a reference drug for IBD treatment. In patients, we found an increase in EMT markers, AGE/RAGE, and senescence signaling activation compared to controls. Consistently, we found the overexpression of the same pathways in DSS-treated mice. Surprisingly, the GED reduced all the pro-fibrotic pathways, in some circumstances more efficiently than 5-ASA. Results suggest that IBD patients could benefit from a combined pharmacological treatment targeting simultaneously different pathways involved in pro-fibrotic signals. In this scenario, PPAR-gamma activation could be a suitable strategy to alleviate the signs and symptoms of IBD and also its progression.

PPAR-Gamma Orchestrates EMT, AGE, and Cellular Senescence Pathways in Colonic Epithelium and Restrains the Progression of IBDs

Pompili, Simona;Vetuschi, Antonella;Latella, Giovanni;Smakaj, Amarildo;Sferra, Roberta;Cappariello, Alfredo
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Intestinal fibrosis, the most common complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is characterized by an uncontrolled deposition of extracellular matrix proteins leading to complications resolvable only with surgery. Transforming growth factor is the key player in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and fibrogenesis process, and some molecules modulating its activity, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ and its agonists, exert a promising antifibrotic action. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the contribution of signaling other than EMT, such as the AGE/RAGE (advanced glycation end products/receptor of AGEs) and the senescence pathways, in the etiopathogenesis of IBD. We used human biopsies from control and IBD patients, and we used a mouse model of colitis induced by dextran-sodium-sulfate (DSS), without/with treatments with GED (PPAR-gamma-agonist), or 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), a reference drug for IBD treatment. In patients, we found an increase in EMT markers, AGE/RAGE, and senescence signaling activation compared to controls. Consistently, we found the overexpression of the same pathways in DSS-treated mice. Surprisingly, the GED reduced all the pro-fibrotic pathways, in some circumstances more efficiently than 5-ASA. Results suggest that IBD patients could benefit from a combined pharmacological treatment targeting simultaneously different pathways involved in pro-fibrotic signals. In this scenario, PPAR-gamma activation could be a suitable strategy to alleviate the signs and symptoms of IBD and also its progression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/205840
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