In traditional nonintrusive load monitoring (NILM) systems, the measurement device is installed upstream of an electrical system to acquire the total aggregate absorbed power and derive the powers absorbed by the individual electrical loads. Knowing the energy consumption related to each load makes the user aware and capable of identifying malfunctioning or less-efficient loads in order to reduce consumption through appropriate corrective actions. To meet the feedback needs of modern home, energy, and assisted environment management systems, the nonintrusive monitoring of the power status (ON or OFF) of a load is often required, regardless of the information associated with its consumption. This parameter is not easy to obtain from common NILM systems. This article proposes an inexpensive and easy-to-install monitoring system capable of providing information on the status of the various loads powered by an electrical system. The proposed technique involves the processing of the traces obtained by a measurement system based on Sweep Frequency Response Analysis (SFRA) through a Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithm. The overall accuracy of the system in its final configuration is between 94% and 99%, depending on the amount of data used for training. Numerous tests have been conducted on many loads with different characteristics. The positive results obtained are illustrated and commented on.
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