BackgroundWe assessed whether hepatic steatosis with or without significant fibrosis (determined by validated non-invasive biomarkers) is associated with an increased 10-year estimated risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).MethodsWe conducted a retrospective, multicenter, cross-sectional study involving 1,254 adults with established T1DM without pre-existing CVD. We used the hepatic steatosis index (HSI) and fibrosis (FIB)-4 index for non-invasively detecting hepatic steatosis (defined as HSI > 36), with or without coexisting significant fibrosis (defined as FIB-4 index & GE; 1.3 or < 1.3). We calculated the Steno type 1 risk engine and the atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) risk score to estimate the 10-year risk of developing a first fatal or nonfatal CVD event.ResultsUsing the Steno type 1 risk engine, a significantly greater proportion of patients with hepatic steatosis and significant fibrosis (n = 91) had a high 10-year estimated CVD risk compared to those with hepatic steatosis alone (n = 509) or without steatosis (n = 654) (75.8% vs. 23.2% vs. 24.9%, p < 0.001). After adjustment for sex, BMI, diabetes duration, hemoglobin A1c, chronic kidney disease, and lipid-lowering medication use, patients with hepatic steatosis and significant fibrosis had an increased 10-year estimated risk of developing a first fatal or nonfatal CVD event (adjusted-odds ratio 11.4, 95% confidence interval 3.54-36.9) than those without steatosis. We observed almost identical results using the ASCVD risk calculator.ConclusionsThe 10-year estimated CVD risk is remarkably greater in T1DM adults with hepatic steatosis and significant fibrosis than in their counterparts with hepatic steatosis alone or without steatosis.
Baroni, Marco Giorgio
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.