Regenerative dental medicine increased the development of performing scaffold materials. These scaffolds, which induce cell adhesion, support, and guide the tissues’ growth, include membranes which are either resorbable or not. This study investigated the proliferation abilities and attachment of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (HPLFs) over two bovine pericardial membranes with different thicknesses, namely 0.2mm and 0.4mm respectively. The HPLFs were cultured at the standard condition and exposed to the tested materials. XTT (a colorimetric assay for non-radioactive quantification) was performed to assess cell proliferation, while light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation assessed fibroblast morphology at different times (T1-T2-T3). Proliferations assays reported a statistically significant difference in growth at T1 (p<0.05) in the cells cultured with a thicker membrane than the thinner one. LM observations showed healthy fibroblasts in contact with the membranes, appearing larger and with a polygonal shape. In addition, the SEM images displayed a thickening of the fibroblasts, which continued to adhere to the membrane’s surfaces, with an enlarged polygonal shape and developed filopodia and lamellipodia. These results showed a similar cell behaviour over the two bovine pericardial membranes. Furthermore, they demonstrated a cellular migration along and within the membrane layers, binding with membrane fibres using filopodial extensions. The findings on the effects of the collagen membranes on cellular behaviour will help clinicians to choose the best type of scaffolds according to the clinical need.
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