This executive document reflects and updates the key points of a Consensus document on Cardiovascular (CV) Prevention realized through the contribution of a number of Italian Scientific Societies and coordinated by the Italian Society of Cardiovascular Prevention (SIPREC). The aim of this executive document is to analyze and discuss the new recommendations introduced by international guidelines for the management of major CV risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemias and type 2 diabetes, consisting in the identification of lower therapeutic targets, in the promotion of combination fixed drug therapies and in the introduction in routine clinical practice of new effective pharmacological classes. Moreover, the document highlights the importance of effective CV prevention strategies during the the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak which has dramatically changed the priorities and the use of available resources by the national healthcare systems and have caused a reduction of programmed follow-up visits and procedures and even of hospital admissions for severe acute pathologies. In addition, the pandemic and the consequent lockdown measures imposed have caused a widespread diffusion of unhealthy behaviors with detrimental effects on the CV system. In such a context, reinforcement of CV prevention activities may play a key role in reducing the future impact of these deleterious conditions.
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