The approach to hypertensive emergiencies (HE) and urgencies (HU) may be different according to local clinical practice, despite recent guidelines and position papers recommendations. The Italian Society of Hypertension (Società Italiana della Ipertensione Arteriosa, SIIA) developed an online survey, in order to explore the awareness, management and treatment of HU in Italy, sending by e mail a 12 items questionnaire to the members of the SIIA. The results show that the definition of HU was correctly identified by 62% of the responders. Most physicians identified the role of pharmacological therapy or legal/illegal substances abuse as possible cause of BP elevation; the use of a benzodiazepine drugs was considered worthwhile by 65% of responders. The prescription of diagnostic test and drug administration significantly differed from guidelines recommendations and only 57% of the physicians reported to treat HU with oral drug administration. Sub-lingual nifedipine was prescribed by 13% or responders. This survey shows the need to further spread the updated scientific information on the management and treatment of HE and HU, along with the improvement of the interrelationship with the general practitioner health system in Italy.
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