Current guidelines recommend statin therapy for all adult patients with coronary artery disease irrespective of sex. Over recent years, some concerns have been raised concerning the effects of statins on endogenous steroid hormones synthesis. The aim of this review was to summarize the effects of statins on endogenous sex hormones in order to clarify their role and safety in different clinical settings. Results suggest that HMG-CoA inhibitors may slightly impair adrenal and/or gonadal steroid hormone production. In men, statins do not cause any clinically-relevant harmful effects on erectile function and spermatogenesis and, in women, statins have beneficial effects in treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Additional research is needed to provide specific clinical recommendations concerning this topic.
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