Background: Real-world studies on fremanezumab, an anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide monoclonal antibody for migraine prevention, are few and with limited follow-up. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the long-term (up to 52 weeks) effectiveness and tolerability of fremanezumab in high-frequency episodic migraine and chronic migraine. Methods: This s an independent, prospective, multicenter cohort study enrolling outpatients in 17 Italian Headache Centers with high-frequency episodic migraine or chronic migraine and multiple preventive treatment failures. Patients were treated with fremanezumab 225 mg monthly. The primary outcomes included changes from baseline (1 month before treatment) in monthly headache days, response rates (reduction in monthly headache days from baseline), and persistence in medication overuse at months 3, 6, and 12 (all outcome timeframes refer to the stated month). Secondary outcomes included changes from baseline in acute medication intake and disability questionnaires scores at the same timepoints. A last observation carried forward analysis was also performed. Results: A total of 90 patients who received at least one dose of fremanezumab and with a potential 12-month follow-up were included. Among them, 15 (18.0%) patients discontinued treatment for the entire population, a reduction in monthly headache days compared with baseline was reported at month 3, with a significant median [interquartile range] reduction in monthly headache days (- 9.0 [11.5], p < 0.001). A statistically different reduction was also reported at month 6 compared with baseline (- 10.0 [12.0]; p < 0.001) and at 12 months of treatment (- 10.0 [14.0]; p < 0.001). The percentage of patients with medication overuse was significantly reduced compared with baseline from 68.7% (57/83) to 29.6% (24/81), 25.3% (19/75), and 14.7% (10/68) at 3, 6, and 12 months of treatment, respectively (p < 0.001). Acute medication use (days and total number) and disability scores were also significantly reduced (p < 0.001). A ≥ 50% response rate was achieved for 51.9, 67.9, and 76.5% of all patients at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Last observation carried forward analyses confirmed these findings. Fremanezumab was well tolerated, with just one patient discontinuing treatment because of adverse events. Conclusions: This study provides evidence for the real-world effectiveness of fremanezumab in treating both high-frequency episodic migraine and chronic migraine, with meaningful and sustained improvements in multiple migraine-related variables. No new safety issue was identified.

Long-Term Treatment Over 52 Weeks with Monthly Fremanezumab in Drug-Resistant Migraine: A Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study

Caponnetto, Valeria;Ornello, Raffaele;Onofri, Agnese;Sacco, Simona;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Real-world studies on fremanezumab, an anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide monoclonal antibody for migraine prevention, are few and with limited follow-up. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the long-term (up to 52 weeks) effectiveness and tolerability of fremanezumab in high-frequency episodic migraine and chronic migraine. Methods: This s an independent, prospective, multicenter cohort study enrolling outpatients in 17 Italian Headache Centers with high-frequency episodic migraine or chronic migraine and multiple preventive treatment failures. Patients were treated with fremanezumab 225 mg monthly. The primary outcomes included changes from baseline (1 month before treatment) in monthly headache days, response rates (reduction in monthly headache days from baseline), and persistence in medication overuse at months 3, 6, and 12 (all outcome timeframes refer to the stated month). Secondary outcomes included changes from baseline in acute medication intake and disability questionnaires scores at the same timepoints. A last observation carried forward analysis was also performed. Results: A total of 90 patients who received at least one dose of fremanezumab and with a potential 12-month follow-up were included. Among them, 15 (18.0%) patients discontinued treatment for the entire population, a reduction in monthly headache days compared with baseline was reported at month 3, with a significant median [interquartile range] reduction in monthly headache days (- 9.0 [11.5], p < 0.001). A statistically different reduction was also reported at month 6 compared with baseline (- 10.0 [12.0]; p < 0.001) and at 12 months of treatment (- 10.0 [14.0]; p < 0.001). The percentage of patients with medication overuse was significantly reduced compared with baseline from 68.7% (57/83) to 29.6% (24/81), 25.3% (19/75), and 14.7% (10/68) at 3, 6, and 12 months of treatment, respectively (p < 0.001). Acute medication use (days and total number) and disability scores were also significantly reduced (p < 0.001). A ≥ 50% response rate was achieved for 51.9, 67.9, and 76.5% of all patients at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Last observation carried forward analyses confirmed these findings. Fremanezumab was well tolerated, with just one patient discontinuing treatment because of adverse events. Conclusions: This study provides evidence for the real-world effectiveness of fremanezumab in treating both high-frequency episodic migraine and chronic migraine, with meaningful and sustained improvements in multiple migraine-related variables. No new safety issue was identified.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/220941
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact