The prognostic value of carbohydrate antigen 125 (Ca 125) is emerging also in pancreatic cancer (PDAC). In this study, we aim to define the prognostic value of Ca 125 in resected PDAC of the head of the pancreas. This is a single-center, retrospective study. Data from patients with a pre-operative assay of Ca 125 who underwent a pancreatic resection for PDAC between 2010 and 2018 were analyzed. As per National Comprehensive Cancer Guidelines, tumors were classified in resectable (R-PDAC), borderline resectable (BR-PDAC), and locally advanced (LA-PDAC). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the overall survival. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to evaluate the role of pre-operative Ca 125 in predicting survival (while adjusting for confounders). The maximally selected log-rank statistic was used to identify a Ca 125 cut-off defining two groups with different survival probability. Inclusion criteria were met by 207 patients (R-PDAC: 80, BR-PDAC: 91, and LA-PDAC: 36). Ca 125 predicted overall survival before and after adjusting for confounding factors in all categories of anatomic resectability (R-PDAC: HR = 4.3; p = 0.0249) (BR-PDAC: HR = 7.82; p = 0.0024) (LA-PDAC: HR = 11.4; p = 0.0043). In BR-PDAC and LA-PDAC (n = 127), the division in two groups (high vs. low Ca 125) correlated with T stage (p = 0.0317), N stage (p = 0.0083), mean LN ratio (p = 0.0292), and tumor grading (p = 0.0143). This study confirmed the prognostic value of Ca125 in resected pancreatic cancer and, therefore, the importance of biologic over anatomic resectability. Ca 125 should be routinely assayed in surgical candidates with PDAC.

Ca 125 is an independent prognostic marker in resected pancreatic cancer of the head of the pancreas

Vistoli, Fabio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The prognostic value of carbohydrate antigen 125 (Ca 125) is emerging also in pancreatic cancer (PDAC). In this study, we aim to define the prognostic value of Ca 125 in resected PDAC of the head of the pancreas. This is a single-center, retrospective study. Data from patients with a pre-operative assay of Ca 125 who underwent a pancreatic resection for PDAC between 2010 and 2018 were analyzed. As per National Comprehensive Cancer Guidelines, tumors were classified in resectable (R-PDAC), borderline resectable (BR-PDAC), and locally advanced (LA-PDAC). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the overall survival. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to evaluate the role of pre-operative Ca 125 in predicting survival (while adjusting for confounders). The maximally selected log-rank statistic was used to identify a Ca 125 cut-off defining two groups with different survival probability. Inclusion criteria were met by 207 patients (R-PDAC: 80, BR-PDAC: 91, and LA-PDAC: 36). Ca 125 predicted overall survival before and after adjusting for confounding factors in all categories of anatomic resectability (R-PDAC: HR = 4.3; p = 0.0249) (BR-PDAC: HR = 7.82; p = 0.0024) (LA-PDAC: HR = 11.4; p = 0.0043). In BR-PDAC and LA-PDAC (n = 127), the division in two groups (high vs. low Ca 125) correlated with T stage (p = 0.0317), N stage (p = 0.0083), mean LN ratio (p = 0.0292), and tumor grading (p = 0.0143). This study confirmed the prognostic value of Ca125 in resected pancreatic cancer and, therefore, the importance of biologic over anatomic resectability. Ca 125 should be routinely assayed in surgical candidates with PDAC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/221727
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