Background: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the gold-standard treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, laser surgery techniques (e.g., photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP), holmium laser, thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP or ThuLEP)), and minimally invasive treatment options (e.g., UroLift) are increasingly replacing TURP. This study seeks to report the annual incidence, management trends, and costs of BPH procedures in the U.S. Methods: Data analyses of U.S. health insurance claims from 2004 to 2017, collected from the de-identified Optum Clinformatics Claims Database, were performed to determine the number of BPH patients and the treatment selected. Results: A total of 51,448 patients underwent BPH procedures from 2004 to 2017. There was a significant increase in the annual rate from 770 in 2004 to 6571 in 2017. The mean patient age (±SD) increased from 67.6 years old (±8.4) in 2004 to 73.4 years old (±8.4) in 2017. More than 60% of patients underwent cystourethroscopy and a post-void residual urine check for workup prior to surgical management. TURP was the most-common, and PVP was the second-most-common BPH procedure. Medical and total treatment costs increased, while the detection rate of prostate cancer after BPH surgery gradually decreased from 19.87% in 2004 to 5.78% in 2017. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates a recent trend in BPH management that replaces the traditional TURP technique with alternative methods. Due to rising costs, future studies should assess whether these newer methods are cost effective over the long term

Recent Trends in the Diagnostic and Surgical Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in the U.S. from 2004 to 2017: Annual Changes in the Selection of Treatment Options and Medical Costs

Pandolfo S. D.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the gold-standard treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, laser surgery techniques (e.g., photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP), holmium laser, thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP or ThuLEP)), and minimally invasive treatment options (e.g., UroLift) are increasingly replacing TURP. This study seeks to report the annual incidence, management trends, and costs of BPH procedures in the U.S. Methods: Data analyses of U.S. health insurance claims from 2004 to 2017, collected from the de-identified Optum Clinformatics Claims Database, were performed to determine the number of BPH patients and the treatment selected. Results: A total of 51,448 patients underwent BPH procedures from 2004 to 2017. There was a significant increase in the annual rate from 770 in 2004 to 6571 in 2017. The mean patient age (±SD) increased from 67.6 years old (±8.4) in 2004 to 73.4 years old (±8.4) in 2017. More than 60% of patients underwent cystourethroscopy and a post-void residual urine check for workup prior to surgical management. TURP was the most-common, and PVP was the second-most-common BPH procedure. Medical and total treatment costs increased, while the detection rate of prostate cancer after BPH surgery gradually decreased from 19.87% in 2004 to 5.78% in 2017. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates a recent trend in BPH management that replaces the traditional TURP technique with alternative methods. Due to rising costs, future studies should assess whether these newer methods are cost effective over the long term
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/221890
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