Background and objective: Epileptic seizures are associated with a higher incidence of Developmental Disabilities and Cerebral Palsy. Early evaluation and management of epilepsy is strongly recommended. We propose and discuss an application to predict epilespy (PredictMed-Epilepsy) and seizures via a deep-learning module (PredictMed-Seizures) encompassed within a multi-agent based healthcare system (PredictMed-MHS); this system is meant, in perspective, to be integrated into a clinical decision support system (PredictMed-CDSS). PredictMed-Epilespy, in particular, aims to identify factors associated with epilepsy in children with Developmental Disabilities and Cerebral Palsy by using a prediction-learning model named PredictMed. PredictMed-epilespy methods: We performed a longitudinal, multicenter, double-blinded, descriptive study of one hundred and two children with Developmental Disabilities and Cerebral Palsy (58 males, 44 females; 65 inpatients, 37 outpatients; 72 had epilepsy - 22 of intractable epilepsy, age: 16.6±1.2y, range: 12–18y). Data from 2005 to 2021 on Cerebral Palsy etiology, diagnosis, type of epilepsy and spasticity, clinical history, communication abilities, behaviors, intellectual disability, motor skills, and eating and drinking abilities were collected. The machine-learning model PredictMed was exploited to identify factors associated with epilepsy. The guidelines of the “Transparent Reporting of a multivariable prediction model for Individual Prognosis or Diagnosis” Statement (TRIPOD) were followed. PredictMed-epilepsy results: Cerebral Palsy etiology [(prenatal > perinatal > postnatal causes) p=0.036], scoliosis (p=0.048), communication (p=0.018) and feeding disorders (p=0.002), poor motor function (p<0.001), intellectual disabilities (p=0.007), and type of spasticity [(quadriplegia/triplegia > diplegia > hemiplegia), p=0.002)] were associated with having epilepsy. The prediction model scored an average of 82% of accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. Thus, PredictMed defined the computational phenotype of children with Developmental Disabilities/Cerebral Palsy at risk of epilepsy. Novel contribution of the work: We have been developing and we have prototypically implemented a Multi-Agent Systems (MAS) that encapsulates the PredictMed-Epilepsy module. More specifically, we have implemented the Patient Observing MAS (PoMAS), which, as a novelty w.r.t. the existing literature, includes a complex event processing module that provides real-time detention of short- and long-term events related to the patient's condition.

PredictMed-epilepsy: A multi-agent based system for epilepsy detection and prediction in neuropediatrics

Costantini S.;Persia F.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background and objective: Epileptic seizures are associated with a higher incidence of Developmental Disabilities and Cerebral Palsy. Early evaluation and management of epilepsy is strongly recommended. We propose and discuss an application to predict epilespy (PredictMed-Epilepsy) and seizures via a deep-learning module (PredictMed-Seizures) encompassed within a multi-agent based healthcare system (PredictMed-MHS); this system is meant, in perspective, to be integrated into a clinical decision support system (PredictMed-CDSS). PredictMed-Epilespy, in particular, aims to identify factors associated with epilepsy in children with Developmental Disabilities and Cerebral Palsy by using a prediction-learning model named PredictMed. PredictMed-epilespy methods: We performed a longitudinal, multicenter, double-blinded, descriptive study of one hundred and two children with Developmental Disabilities and Cerebral Palsy (58 males, 44 females; 65 inpatients, 37 outpatients; 72 had epilepsy - 22 of intractable epilepsy, age: 16.6±1.2y, range: 12–18y). Data from 2005 to 2021 on Cerebral Palsy etiology, diagnosis, type of epilepsy and spasticity, clinical history, communication abilities, behaviors, intellectual disability, motor skills, and eating and drinking abilities were collected. The machine-learning model PredictMed was exploited to identify factors associated with epilepsy. The guidelines of the “Transparent Reporting of a multivariable prediction model for Individual Prognosis or Diagnosis” Statement (TRIPOD) were followed. PredictMed-epilepsy results: Cerebral Palsy etiology [(prenatal > perinatal > postnatal causes) p=0.036], scoliosis (p=0.048), communication (p=0.018) and feeding disorders (p=0.002), poor motor function (p<0.001), intellectual disabilities (p=0.007), and type of spasticity [(quadriplegia/triplegia > diplegia > hemiplegia), p=0.002)] were associated with having epilepsy. The prediction model scored an average of 82% of accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. Thus, PredictMed defined the computational phenotype of children with Developmental Disabilities/Cerebral Palsy at risk of epilepsy. Novel contribution of the work: We have been developing and we have prototypically implemented a Multi-Agent Systems (MAS) that encapsulates the PredictMed-Epilepsy module. More specifically, we have implemented the Patient Observing MAS (PoMAS), which, as a novelty w.r.t. the existing literature, includes a complex event processing module that provides real-time detention of short- and long-term events related to the patient's condition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/223205
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