The amyloid cascade hypothesis proposes that amyloid-beta (Aβ) aggregation is the initial triggering event in Alzheimer's disease. Here, we utilize NMR spectroscopy and monitor the structural dynamics of two variants of Aβ, Aβ40 and Aβ42, as a function of temperature. Despite having identical amino acid sequence except for the two additional C-terminal residues, Aβ42 has higher aggregation propensity than Aβ40. As revealed by the NMR data on dynamics, including backbone chemical shifts, intra-methyl cross-correlated relaxation rates and glycine-based singlet-states, the C-terminal region of Aβ, especially the G33-L34-M35 segment, plays a particular role in the early steps of temperature-induced Aβ aggregation. In Aβ42, the distinct dynamical behaviour of C-terminal residues at higher temperatures is accompanied with marked changes in the backbone dynamics of residues V24-K28. The distinctive role of the C-terminal region of Aβ42 in the initiation of aggregation defines a target for the rational design of Aβ42 aggregation inhibitors.

Early Divergence in Misfolding Pathways of Amyloid-Beta Peptides

Mamone S.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The amyloid cascade hypothesis proposes that amyloid-beta (Aβ) aggregation is the initial triggering event in Alzheimer's disease. Here, we utilize NMR spectroscopy and monitor the structural dynamics of two variants of Aβ, Aβ40 and Aβ42, as a function of temperature. Despite having identical amino acid sequence except for the two additional C-terminal residues, Aβ42 has higher aggregation propensity than Aβ40. As revealed by the NMR data on dynamics, including backbone chemical shifts, intra-methyl cross-correlated relaxation rates and glycine-based singlet-states, the C-terminal region of Aβ, especially the G33-L34-M35 segment, plays a particular role in the early steps of temperature-induced Aβ aggregation. In Aβ42, the distinct dynamical behaviour of C-terminal residues at higher temperatures is accompanied with marked changes in the backbone dynamics of residues V24-K28. The distinctive role of the C-terminal region of Aβ42 in the initiation of aggregation defines a target for the rational design of Aβ42 aggregation inhibitors.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/225003
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact