Background: Despite recent improvement in preoperative staging, nodal and mediastinal upstaging occur in about 5% to 15% of cN0 patients. Different clinical and tumor characteristics are associated with upstaging, whereas the role of the surgeon's experience is not well evaluated. This study aimed to investigate if operator experience might influence nodal upstaging during video-assisted thoracic surgery anatomical lung resection. Methods: Clinical and pathological data from the prospective video-assisted thoracic surgery Italian nationwide registry were reviewed and analyzed. Patients with incomplete data about tumor and surgical characteristics, ground glass opacities tumors, cN2 to 3, and M+ were excluded. Clinical data, tumor characteristics, and surgeon experience were correlated to nodal and mediastinal (N2) upstaging using Pearson's χ2 statistic or Fisher exact test for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney U and t tests for quantitative variables. A multivariable model was built using logistic regression analysis. Surgeon experience was categorized considering the number of video-assisted thoracic surgery major anatomical resections and years after residency. Results: Final analysis was conducted on 3,319 cN0 patients for nodal upstaging and 3,471 cN0N1 patients for N2 upstaging. Clinical tumor-nodes-metastasis stage was stage I in 2,846 (81.9%) patients, stage II in 533 (15.3%), and stage III (cT3N1) in 92 (2.8%). Nodal upstaging occurred in 489 (13.1%) patients, whereas N2 upstaging occurred in 229 (6.1%) patients. Years after residency (P = .60 for nodal, P = .13 for N2 upstaging) and a number of video-assisted thoracic surgery procedures(P = .49 for nodal, P = .72 for nodal upstaging) did not correlate with upstaging. Multivariable analysis confirmed cT-dimension (P = .001), solid nodules (P < .001), clinical tumor-nodes-metastasis (P < .001) and maximum standardized uptake values (P < .001) as factors independently correlated to nodal upstaging, whereas cT-dimension (P = .005), clinical tumor-nodes-metastasis (P < .001) and maximum standardized uptake values (P = .028) resulted independently correlated to N2 upstaging. Conclusion: Our study showed that surgeon experience did not influence nodal and mediastinal upstaging during -assisted thoracic surgery anatomical resection, whereas cT-dimension, clinical tumor-nodes-metastasis, and maximum standardized uptake values resulted independently correlated to nodal and mediastinal upstaging.

Surgeon experience does not influence nodal upstaging during vats lobectomy: Results from a large prospective national database

Crisci, Roberto;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Despite recent improvement in preoperative staging, nodal and mediastinal upstaging occur in about 5% to 15% of cN0 patients. Different clinical and tumor characteristics are associated with upstaging, whereas the role of the surgeon's experience is not well evaluated. This study aimed to investigate if operator experience might influence nodal upstaging during video-assisted thoracic surgery anatomical lung resection. Methods: Clinical and pathological data from the prospective video-assisted thoracic surgery Italian nationwide registry were reviewed and analyzed. Patients with incomplete data about tumor and surgical characteristics, ground glass opacities tumors, cN2 to 3, and M+ were excluded. Clinical data, tumor characteristics, and surgeon experience were correlated to nodal and mediastinal (N2) upstaging using Pearson's χ2 statistic or Fisher exact test for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney U and t tests for quantitative variables. A multivariable model was built using logistic regression analysis. Surgeon experience was categorized considering the number of video-assisted thoracic surgery major anatomical resections and years after residency. Results: Final analysis was conducted on 3,319 cN0 patients for nodal upstaging and 3,471 cN0N1 patients for N2 upstaging. Clinical tumor-nodes-metastasis stage was stage I in 2,846 (81.9%) patients, stage II in 533 (15.3%), and stage III (cT3N1) in 92 (2.8%). Nodal upstaging occurred in 489 (13.1%) patients, whereas N2 upstaging occurred in 229 (6.1%) patients. Years after residency (P = .60 for nodal, P = .13 for N2 upstaging) and a number of video-assisted thoracic surgery procedures(P = .49 for nodal, P = .72 for nodal upstaging) did not correlate with upstaging. Multivariable analysis confirmed cT-dimension (P = .001), solid nodules (P < .001), clinical tumor-nodes-metastasis (P < .001) and maximum standardized uptake values (P < .001) as factors independently correlated to nodal upstaging, whereas cT-dimension (P = .005), clinical tumor-nodes-metastasis (P < .001) and maximum standardized uptake values (P = .028) resulted independently correlated to N2 upstaging. Conclusion: Our study showed that surgeon experience did not influence nodal and mediastinal upstaging during -assisted thoracic surgery anatomical resection, whereas cT-dimension, clinical tumor-nodes-metastasis, and maximum standardized uptake values resulted independently correlated to nodal and mediastinal upstaging.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/226159
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