We study the derivation of macroscopic traffic models out of op-timal speed and follow-the-leader particle dynamics as hydrodynamic limits of non-lo cal Povzner-type kinetic equations. As a first step, we show that optimal speed vehicle dynamics produce a first order macroscopic model with non-lo cal flux. Next, we show that non-lo cal follow-the-leader vehicle dynamics have a universal macroscopic counterpart in the second order Aw-Rascle-Zhang traffic model, at least when the non-locality of the interactions is sufficiently small. Finally, we show that the same qualitative result holds also for a general class of follow-the-leader dynamics based on the headway of the vehicles rather than on their speed. We also investigate the correspondence between the solutions to particle models and their macroscopic limits by means of numerical simula-tions.

Macroscopic limits of non-local kinetic descriptions of vehicular traffic

Chiarello, Felisia Angela;
2023-01-01

Abstract

We study the derivation of macroscopic traffic models out of op-timal speed and follow-the-leader particle dynamics as hydrodynamic limits of non-lo cal Povzner-type kinetic equations. As a first step, we show that optimal speed vehicle dynamics produce a first order macroscopic model with non-lo cal flux. Next, we show that non-lo cal follow-the-leader vehicle dynamics have a universal macroscopic counterpart in the second order Aw-Rascle-Zhang traffic model, at least when the non-locality of the interactions is sufficiently small. Finally, we show that the same qualitative result holds also for a general class of follow-the-leader dynamics based on the headway of the vehicles rather than on their speed. We also investigate the correspondence between the solutions to particle models and their macroscopic limits by means of numerical simula-tions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/226182
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