STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre cross-sectional study.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate prevalence, location and characteristics of pain in hospital inpatients people with spinal cord injury (SCI).SETTING: Ten Italian rehabilitation centres specialized in spinal injury care, where inpatients are admitted both after the acute lesion and for late complications (time since injury, median [IQR]: 0.8 [0.2-8.2] years).METHODS: All the persons were submitted to AIS scale assessment [1] and modified Ashworth scale [2]; personal data and anamnesis were recorded; any pain within 1 week was investigated and the International Spinal Cord Injury Pain Basic Data Set (ISCIPBDS) Italian version [3] was administered by physicians expert in type of pain definition.RESULTS: Of 385 included persons, 275 (72%) suffered pain, with the score value median [IQR]: 6 [4-8]. The worst pain of the person was nociceptive in 52% and neuropathic in 48% of the cases; 46% of nociceptive pain was located in the neck-shoulder region, whereas 67% of neuropathic pain was located in the sublesional part of the body. In 48% of the whole population, spasticity was observed but only 74% of them had pain. Being old and female are associated with high pain development, OR (95% CI): 1.24 (1.01-1.04) and 1.83 (1.05-3.20), respectively.CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of pain is confirmed in persons with SCI, with both nociceptive and neuropathic pain characteristics. Only old age and female sex resulted as variables highly associated with pain.

Pain characteristics in Italian people with spinal cord injury: a multicentre study

Barbonetti, Arcangelo;D’Andrea, Settimio;
2021-01-01

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre cross-sectional study.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate prevalence, location and characteristics of pain in hospital inpatients people with spinal cord injury (SCI).SETTING: Ten Italian rehabilitation centres specialized in spinal injury care, where inpatients are admitted both after the acute lesion and for late complications (time since injury, median [IQR]: 0.8 [0.2-8.2] years).METHODS: All the persons were submitted to AIS scale assessment [1] and modified Ashworth scale [2]; personal data and anamnesis were recorded; any pain within 1 week was investigated and the International Spinal Cord Injury Pain Basic Data Set (ISCIPBDS) Italian version [3] was administered by physicians expert in type of pain definition.RESULTS: Of 385 included persons, 275 (72%) suffered pain, with the score value median [IQR]: 6 [4-8]. The worst pain of the person was nociceptive in 52% and neuropathic in 48% of the cases; 46% of nociceptive pain was located in the neck-shoulder region, whereas 67% of neuropathic pain was located in the sublesional part of the body. In 48% of the whole population, spasticity was observed but only 74% of them had pain. Being old and female are associated with high pain development, OR (95% CI): 1.24 (1.01-1.04) and 1.83 (1.05-3.20), respectively.CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of pain is confirmed in persons with SCI, with both nociceptive and neuropathic pain characteristics. Only old age and female sex resulted as variables highly associated with pain.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/226193
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