Introduction: Cavernous malformations of the ventral brainstem are a challenging disease to treat. From an anatomical perspective, the best surgical options are endoscopic endonasal approaches. The first reports of their usage for this purpose date back to 2012. In this study, we gathered data on the subject, share our experience, and outline technical notes and tips for this surgery. Case Presentation: We report a 14-year-old female with a ventral pons cavernoma, treated using an endoscopic endonasal transclival approach and followed-up for 5.9 years. This is the longest reported follow-up for this condition to date. Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and the accompanying images. Discussion: An endoscopic endonasal transclival approach was used. The skull base was reconstructed using the multilayer grafting technique and a nasoseptal flap. There was no postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage. In a literature review, we identified 8 patients who were treated endoscopically: 1 transplanum-transtuberculum, 1 transtuberculum-transclival, and 6 transclival approaches were employed. Skull base closure was achieved using multilayer grafting and a nasoseptal flap in 4 cases, a gasket seal technique combined with nasoseptal flap in 3 cases and a periumbilical fat graft, fibrin sealant patch, and fibrin glue in 1 case. There were 2 cases of leakage, which resolved completely with revision surgery. Conclusion: Endoscopic surgery is a reliable alternative to traditional open surgery. It may be the preferred choice for intra-axial ventral brain cavernomas.

Endoscopic Endonasal Treatment of Intra-Axial Ventral Brainstem Cavernomas: Case Experience and Literature Review

Giovannetti F.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Cavernous malformations of the ventral brainstem are a challenging disease to treat. From an anatomical perspective, the best surgical options are endoscopic endonasal approaches. The first reports of their usage for this purpose date back to 2012. In this study, we gathered data on the subject, share our experience, and outline technical notes and tips for this surgery. Case Presentation: We report a 14-year-old female with a ventral pons cavernoma, treated using an endoscopic endonasal transclival approach and followed-up for 5.9 years. This is the longest reported follow-up for this condition to date. Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and the accompanying images. Discussion: An endoscopic endonasal transclival approach was used. The skull base was reconstructed using the multilayer grafting technique and a nasoseptal flap. There was no postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage. In a literature review, we identified 8 patients who were treated endoscopically: 1 transplanum-transtuberculum, 1 transtuberculum-transclival, and 6 transclival approaches were employed. Skull base closure was achieved using multilayer grafting and a nasoseptal flap in 4 cases, a gasket seal technique combined with nasoseptal flap in 3 cases and a periumbilical fat graft, fibrin sealant patch, and fibrin glue in 1 case. There were 2 cases of leakage, which resolved completely with revision surgery. Conclusion: Endoscopic surgery is a reliable alternative to traditional open surgery. It may be the preferred choice for intra-axial ventral brain cavernomas.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/229120
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