By exploiting the invariance of the molecular Hamiltonian by a unitary transformation of the orbitals it is possible to significantly shorter the depth of the variational circuit in the variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) algorithm by using the wavefunction adapted Hamiltonian through orbital rotation (WAHTOR) algorithm. This work introduces a non-adiabatic version of the WAHTOR algorithm and compares its efficiency with three implementations by estimating quantum processing unit (QPU) resources in prototypical benchmarking systems. Calculating first and second-order derivatives of the Hamiltonian at fixed VQE parameters does not introduce a significant QPU overload, leading to results on small molecules that indicate the non-adiabatic Newton-Raphson method as the more convenient choice. On the contrary, we find out that in the case of Hubbard model systems the trust region non-adiabatic optimization is more efficient. The preset work therefore clearly indicates the best optimization strategies for empirical variational ansatzes, facilitating the optimization of larger variational wavefunctions for quantum computing.

Optimization strategies in WAHTOR algorithm for quantum computing empirical ansatz: a comparative study

Ratini L.;Capecci C.;Guidoni L.
2023-01-01

Abstract

By exploiting the invariance of the molecular Hamiltonian by a unitary transformation of the orbitals it is possible to significantly shorter the depth of the variational circuit in the variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) algorithm by using the wavefunction adapted Hamiltonian through orbital rotation (WAHTOR) algorithm. This work introduces a non-adiabatic version of the WAHTOR algorithm and compares its efficiency with three implementations by estimating quantum processing unit (QPU) resources in prototypical benchmarking systems. Calculating first and second-order derivatives of the Hamiltonian at fixed VQE parameters does not introduce a significant QPU overload, leading to results on small molecules that indicate the non-adiabatic Newton-Raphson method as the more convenient choice. On the contrary, we find out that in the case of Hubbard model systems the trust region non-adiabatic optimization is more efficient. The preset work therefore clearly indicates the best optimization strategies for empirical variational ansatzes, facilitating the optimization of larger variational wavefunctions for quantum computing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/230460
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