a-Chymotrypsin (a-CT) activity was tested with N-glutaryl-L-phenylalanine p-nitroanilide in buffered media with added cationic surfactants. The effect of the commercial cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr) was compared with that of three other surfactants with ethyl (CTEABr), propyl (CTPABr), and butyl (CTBABr) head groups. These were synthesized and purified in this laboratory. Surfactant head groups provided distinct environments that largely modulated the catalytic performance. Larger alkyl head group hydrophobicity led to a marked enhancement of ?-CT activity. CTBABr-rich media induced the highest superactivity. Kinetic measurements were performed in Tris-HCl buffer at a surfactant concentration either below or above CMC, and ?-CT superactivity occurred in both media. Positive interactions between the enzyme and surfactants happened independently of the supramolecular organization of the medium. The reaction followed the Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The substrate to micelle aggregates binding constant was used to calculate the substrate concentration available for catalysis. The k(cat) to K(m) ratio was in CTBABr-rich media always higher than in pure buffer and depended on the surfactant concentration. ?-CT superactivity depended on the pH value of buffer solution. Enzyme inactivation followed a single-step mechanism in pure buffer and a series mechanism in the presence of a surfactant. The rate of activity decay obeyed a first-order kinetics.

Alfa-Chymotrypsin Superactivity in Cetyltrialkylammonium Bromide Rich Media

CANTARELLA, Maria;SPRETI N.;
2000-01-01

Abstract

a-Chymotrypsin (a-CT) activity was tested with N-glutaryl-L-phenylalanine p-nitroanilide in buffered media with added cationic surfactants. The effect of the commercial cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr) was compared with that of three other surfactants with ethyl (CTEABr), propyl (CTPABr), and butyl (CTBABr) head groups. These were synthesized and purified in this laboratory. Surfactant head groups provided distinct environments that largely modulated the catalytic performance. Larger alkyl head group hydrophobicity led to a marked enhancement of ?-CT activity. CTBABr-rich media induced the highest superactivity. Kinetic measurements were performed in Tris-HCl buffer at a surfactant concentration either below or above CMC, and ?-CT superactivity occurred in both media. Positive interactions between the enzyme and surfactants happened independently of the supramolecular organization of the medium. The reaction followed the Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The substrate to micelle aggregates binding constant was used to calculate the substrate concentration available for catalysis. The k(cat) to K(m) ratio was in CTBABr-rich media always higher than in pure buffer and depended on the surfactant concentration. ?-CT superactivity depended on the pH value of buffer solution. Enzyme inactivation followed a single-step mechanism in pure buffer and a series mechanism in the presence of a surfactant. The rate of activity decay obeyed a first-order kinetics.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/23489
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