Background: In the evolving landscape of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), the integration of biomechanical advancements and proper fusion-enhancing materials is crucial for optimizing patient outcomes. This case series evaluates the efficacy and clinical implications of employing zero-profile polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages filled with biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) in ACDF procedures, focusing on fusion and subsidence rates alongside patient disability, residual pain, and quality of life. Methods: This case series comprises 76 consecutive patients, with a median follow-up of 581 days. The Bridwell classification system was used for assessing fusion rates while subsidence occurrence was recorded, correlating these radiographic outcomes with clinical implications. Results: The results demonstrated a satisfactory fusion rate (76.4% for grades I and II). The subsidence rate was low (6.74% of segments). Significant clinical improvements were observed in pain, disability, and quality-of-life metrics, aligning with the minimum clinically important difference thresholds; however, subgroup analyses demonstrated that subsidence or pseudoarthrosis group improvement of PROMs was not statistically significant with respect to baseline. ANOVA analyses documented that subsidence has a significant weight over final follow-up pain and disability outcomes. No dysphagia cases were reported. Conclusions: These findings underscore the efficacy of zero-profile PEEK cages filled with BCP in ACDF, highlighting their potential to improve patient outcomes while minimizing complications. Pseudoarthrosis and subsidence have major implications over long-term PROMs. The study reinforces the importance of selecting appropriate surgical materials to enhance the success of ACDF procedures.

Safety and Efficacy of Zero-Profile Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Cages Filled with Biphasic Calcium Phosphate (BCP) in Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF): A Case Series

Battistelli, Marco;Muselli, Mario;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: In the evolving landscape of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), the integration of biomechanical advancements and proper fusion-enhancing materials is crucial for optimizing patient outcomes. This case series evaluates the efficacy and clinical implications of employing zero-profile polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages filled with biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) in ACDF procedures, focusing on fusion and subsidence rates alongside patient disability, residual pain, and quality of life. Methods: This case series comprises 76 consecutive patients, with a median follow-up of 581 days. The Bridwell classification system was used for assessing fusion rates while subsidence occurrence was recorded, correlating these radiographic outcomes with clinical implications. Results: The results demonstrated a satisfactory fusion rate (76.4% for grades I and II). The subsidence rate was low (6.74% of segments). Significant clinical improvements were observed in pain, disability, and quality-of-life metrics, aligning with the minimum clinically important difference thresholds; however, subgroup analyses demonstrated that subsidence or pseudoarthrosis group improvement of PROMs was not statistically significant with respect to baseline. ANOVA analyses documented that subsidence has a significant weight over final follow-up pain and disability outcomes. No dysphagia cases were reported. Conclusions: These findings underscore the efficacy of zero-profile PEEK cages filled with BCP in ACDF, highlighting their potential to improve patient outcomes while minimizing complications. Pseudoarthrosis and subsidence have major implications over long-term PROMs. The study reinforces the importance of selecting appropriate surgical materials to enhance the success of ACDF procedures.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/235159
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