Nanoparticles form the fundamental building blocks for many exciting applications in various scientific disciplines. However, the problem of the large-scale synthesis of nanoparticles remains challenging. An original, eco-friendly, single step, and scalable method to produce magnesium hydroxide nanoparticles in aqueous suspensions is here presented. The method, based on an exchange ion process, is extremely simple and rapid (few minutes). It employs cheap or renewable reactants, operates at room temperature and does not require intermediate steps (washings/purifications) to eliminate undesired compounds. Moreover, it is possible to regenerate the exchange material and to reuse it for new operation of synthesis, according to a cyclic procedure, providing potential aptitudes of scalability of nanoparticles production. Some of the synthesis parameters are varied, and structural and morphological features of the produced nanoparticles, after few seconds from the beginning of the synthesis up to the ending time, are investigated by means of several techniques, such as X-ray diffraction (profile fitting and Rietveld refinement), transmission electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and surface area measurements. In any case, pure and stable suspensions are produced, characterized by crystalline and mesoporous Mg(OH)2 nanoparticles, with lamellar morphology. In particular, the nanolamellas appeared constituted by a superimposition of hexagonally plated and crystalline nanosized precursors (2–3 nm in dimensions), crystallographically oriented.

Mg(OH)2 nanoparticles produced at room temperature by an innovative, facile, and scalable synthesis route

TAGLIERI, GIULIANA
;
Daniele, Valeria;FERRANTE, FABIOLA
2015

Abstract

Nanoparticles form the fundamental building blocks for many exciting applications in various scientific disciplines. However, the problem of the large-scale synthesis of nanoparticles remains challenging. An original, eco-friendly, single step, and scalable method to produce magnesium hydroxide nanoparticles in aqueous suspensions is here presented. The method, based on an exchange ion process, is extremely simple and rapid (few minutes). It employs cheap or renewable reactants, operates at room temperature and does not require intermediate steps (washings/purifications) to eliminate undesired compounds. Moreover, it is possible to regenerate the exchange material and to reuse it for new operation of synthesis, according to a cyclic procedure, providing potential aptitudes of scalability of nanoparticles production. Some of the synthesis parameters are varied, and structural and morphological features of the produced nanoparticles, after few seconds from the beginning of the synthesis up to the ending time, are investigated by means of several techniques, such as X-ray diffraction (profile fitting and Rietveld refinement), transmission electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and surface area measurements. In any case, pure and stable suspensions are produced, characterized by crystalline and mesoporous Mg(OH)2 nanoparticles, with lamellar morphology. In particular, the nanolamellas appeared constituted by a superimposition of hexagonally plated and crystalline nanosized precursors (2–3 nm in dimensions), crystallographically oriented.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/4377
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