Lymphocyte apoptosis in HIV-infected individuals may play a role in T-cell depletion and therefore favor progression to AIDS. In this study, we examined the effects of a short-term (5-day) intravenous treatment with L-carnitine (6 g/day) on apoptosis of CD4 and CD8 cells from 10 AIDS patients. L-carnitine administration has been shown to induce a strong reduction in the percentage of both CD4 and CD8 cells undergoing apoptosis. Interestingly, the L-carnitine treatment, which did not show relevant side effects in four patients, led to a strong and significant reduction of peripheral blood mononuclear cell-associated ceramide, an intracellular messenger of apoptosis, that positively correlated with the decrease of apoptotic CD4- and CD8-positive cells. These results suggest that L-carnitine could be an effective antiapoptotic drug in the treatment of AIDS patients.

Effect of L-carnitine treatment in vivo on apoptosis and ceramide generation in peripheral blood lymphocytes from AIDS patients.

CIFONE, MARIA GRAZIA;
1997

Abstract

Lymphocyte apoptosis in HIV-infected individuals may play a role in T-cell depletion and therefore favor progression to AIDS. In this study, we examined the effects of a short-term (5-day) intravenous treatment with L-carnitine (6 g/day) on apoptosis of CD4 and CD8 cells from 10 AIDS patients. L-carnitine administration has been shown to induce a strong reduction in the percentage of both CD4 and CD8 cells undergoing apoptosis. Interestingly, the L-carnitine treatment, which did not show relevant side effects in four patients, led to a strong and significant reduction of peripheral blood mononuclear cell-associated ceramide, an intracellular messenger of apoptosis, that positively correlated with the decrease of apoptotic CD4- and CD8-positive cells. These results suggest that L-carnitine could be an effective antiapoptotic drug in the treatment of AIDS patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/5190
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