Some evidence suggests that the non-genomic effects exerted by progesterone (P) on human spermatozoa are mediated by membrane receptor(s) displaying the C-terminal domain, but not the N-terminal domain of the genomic P receptor (PR). This study aimed at determining whether the monoclonal antibody (mAb) c-262, directed against the C-terminal domain of the genomic PR, counteracts the stimulatory effect of P on the human sperm ability to fuse with oocytes. Sperm/oocyte fusion was evaluated by means of the hamster egg penetration test. The brief exposure of capacitated spermatozoa to P produced a stimulatory effect on sperm/oocyte fusion. mAb c262 counteracted this stimulatory effect in a dose-dependent manner. No counteraction was observed when capacitated spermatozoa were pre-exposed to PGR-312, a mAb directed against the N-terminal domain of the genomic PR. These results reinforce the hypothesis that the non-genomic effects exerted by P on human spermatozoa are mediated by membrane receptor(s) displaying the C-terminal domain, but not the N-terminal domain of the genomic PR.

Monoclonal antibody c262 counteracts the stimulatory effect of progesterone on sperm-oocyte fusion

FRANCAVILLA, Sandro;FRANCAVILLA, Felice
2005

Abstract

Some evidence suggests that the non-genomic effects exerted by progesterone (P) on human spermatozoa are mediated by membrane receptor(s) displaying the C-terminal domain, but not the N-terminal domain of the genomic P receptor (PR). This study aimed at determining whether the monoclonal antibody (mAb) c-262, directed against the C-terminal domain of the genomic PR, counteracts the stimulatory effect of P on the human sperm ability to fuse with oocytes. Sperm/oocyte fusion was evaluated by means of the hamster egg penetration test. The brief exposure of capacitated spermatozoa to P produced a stimulatory effect on sperm/oocyte fusion. mAb c262 counteracted this stimulatory effect in a dose-dependent manner. No counteraction was observed when capacitated spermatozoa were pre-exposed to PGR-312, a mAb directed against the N-terminal domain of the genomic PR. These results reinforce the hypothesis that the non-genomic effects exerted by P on human spermatozoa are mediated by membrane receptor(s) displaying the C-terminal domain, but not the N-terminal domain of the genomic PR.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/5322
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