OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical findings, treatment and outcome of patients with vulvar carcinoma in the L'Aquila area. METHODS: Fifteen cases of vulvar carcinoma seen between September 1991 and December 1999 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of L'Aquila were reviewed. Clinical, pathologic, surgical and follow-up data were collected from patient records. Mean age at diagnosis was 66.4 years. All patients were evaluated through a careful medical history and physical examination, vulvoscopy, abdomino-pelvic CT or MR, urethrocystoscopy, rectocolonscopy and SCC, and CEA determination. Radical surgery included six patients treated by the Taussig-Way operation. Modified radical surgery accounted for nine patients treated by the Byron three-incision approach. RESULTS: The major early complication was groin wound breakdown which occurred in four cases. The major late complication was chronic leg edema which was reported in six patients. The average number of nodes removed per patient was 19.5. Seven patients (46.7%) had a T2N0M0 pathologic stage, four (26.7%) were T2N1M0, four (26.7%) T1N0M0. Five patients died of local and distant recurrences within 37 months after surgical treatment; ten patients are alive, nine are apparently free from disease whereas one presented local and systemic recurrence within 18 months after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Vulvar carcinoma predominantly affects older women. Most patients in our series (11/15) had tumors more than 2 cm in diameter. Although the vulva is an external organ and early detection should be achieved, many patients presented with extensive primary lesions due to both patient and physician delay. Stage of disease, tumor size, and nodal metastases are potential prognostic factors useful in selecting patients for a more conservative surgical approach.

Surgical treatment of invasive carcinoma of the vulva. Our experience

CARTA, Gaspare;PATACCHIOLA, FELICE;Di Stefano L.
2000

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical findings, treatment and outcome of patients with vulvar carcinoma in the L'Aquila area. METHODS: Fifteen cases of vulvar carcinoma seen between September 1991 and December 1999 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of L'Aquila were reviewed. Clinical, pathologic, surgical and follow-up data were collected from patient records. Mean age at diagnosis was 66.4 years. All patients were evaluated through a careful medical history and physical examination, vulvoscopy, abdomino-pelvic CT or MR, urethrocystoscopy, rectocolonscopy and SCC, and CEA determination. Radical surgery included six patients treated by the Taussig-Way operation. Modified radical surgery accounted for nine patients treated by the Byron three-incision approach. RESULTS: The major early complication was groin wound breakdown which occurred in four cases. The major late complication was chronic leg edema which was reported in six patients. The average number of nodes removed per patient was 19.5. Seven patients (46.7%) had a T2N0M0 pathologic stage, four (26.7%) were T2N1M0, four (26.7%) T1N0M0. Five patients died of local and distant recurrences within 37 months after surgical treatment; ten patients are alive, nine are apparently free from disease whereas one presented local and systemic recurrence within 18 months after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Vulvar carcinoma predominantly affects older women. Most patients in our series (11/15) had tumors more than 2 cm in diameter. Although the vulva is an external organ and early detection should be achieved, many patients presented with extensive primary lesions due to both patient and physician delay. Stage of disease, tumor size, and nodal metastases are potential prognostic factors useful in selecting patients for a more conservative surgical approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/5670
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