The function and phenotype of monocytes and granulocytes in the elderly is consistently remodelled. Because leucocyte adhesion molecules play important roles in mediating a wide variety of leucocyte functions, age-related changes in their expression on granulocyte and monocyte surfaces could be partially responsible for immune dysfunctions during senescence. Considering the central role of innate immunity in the process of immunosenescence and the involvement of cell adhesion molecules (CAM) in the great majority of leucocyte functions, we studied the expression of CD50 and CD62L adhesion molecules in peripheral blood granulocytes and monocytes from healthy elderly and young subjects. We show here that the percentage of granulocytes and monocytes expressing CD62L is decreased in the elderly, whereas its density expression is unchanged on both cell types. A downregulation of the density expression of CD50 at a per cell level characterizes granulocytes in the elderly, whereas CD50 expression on monocytes from old subjects shows a peculiar attitude: its density expression decreases whereas the number of positive cells is expanded. The downregulation of this receptor on granulocytes from aged people could determine a state of hyperactivation contributing to the proinflammatory status of the elderly, while the lower expression on monocytes could therefore contribute to the impaired antigen presentation in the elderly. On the other hand, the increased number of CD50 positive monocytes in the elderly, despite its decreased density expression at a per cell level, could be interpreted as an attempt to counteract the inability to mount strong immune responses. Both CD50 and CD62L changes in ageing polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells allow recognition as non-self or senescent self to permit macrophages in the liver and spleen to remove them from the circulation. The increased proportion of granulocytes and monocytes lacking CD62L and the downregulation of CD50 intensity expression on both cell types may suggest a state of in vivo activation. Therefore, CD50 and CD62L shedding from the cell surface of activated granulocytes and monocytes could be interpreted as a tentative to counteract the dangerous effects of an excessive chronic inflammation in the elderly. However, the increased proportion of CD62L negative granulocytes in the elderly leads to an impairment in cell adhesion which is the first line of response to acute inflammatory stimuli. This phenomenon likely contributes to the increased susceptibility to acute infections of elderly people.

Phenotypic and functional changes of circulating monocytes and polymorphonuclear leucocytes from elderly persons

DE MARTINIS, MASSIMO MARIA MARCELLO;GINALDI, Lia
2004

Abstract

The function and phenotype of monocytes and granulocytes in the elderly is consistently remodelled. Because leucocyte adhesion molecules play important roles in mediating a wide variety of leucocyte functions, age-related changes in their expression on granulocyte and monocyte surfaces could be partially responsible for immune dysfunctions during senescence. Considering the central role of innate immunity in the process of immunosenescence and the involvement of cell adhesion molecules (CAM) in the great majority of leucocyte functions, we studied the expression of CD50 and CD62L adhesion molecules in peripheral blood granulocytes and monocytes from healthy elderly and young subjects. We show here that the percentage of granulocytes and monocytes expressing CD62L is decreased in the elderly, whereas its density expression is unchanged on both cell types. A downregulation of the density expression of CD50 at a per cell level characterizes granulocytes in the elderly, whereas CD50 expression on monocytes from old subjects shows a peculiar attitude: its density expression decreases whereas the number of positive cells is expanded. The downregulation of this receptor on granulocytes from aged people could determine a state of hyperactivation contributing to the proinflammatory status of the elderly, while the lower expression on monocytes could therefore contribute to the impaired antigen presentation in the elderly. On the other hand, the increased number of CD50 positive monocytes in the elderly, despite its decreased density expression at a per cell level, could be interpreted as an attempt to counteract the inability to mount strong immune responses. Both CD50 and CD62L changes in ageing polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells allow recognition as non-self or senescent self to permit macrophages in the liver and spleen to remove them from the circulation. The increased proportion of granulocytes and monocytes lacking CD62L and the downregulation of CD50 intensity expression on both cell types may suggest a state of in vivo activation. Therefore, CD50 and CD62L shedding from the cell surface of activated granulocytes and monocytes could be interpreted as a tentative to counteract the dangerous effects of an excessive chronic inflammation in the elderly. However, the increased proportion of CD62L negative granulocytes in the elderly leads to an impairment in cell adhesion which is the first line of response to acute inflammatory stimuli. This phenomenon likely contributes to the increased susceptibility to acute infections of elderly people.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/6438
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