We study the issue of gauge invariance in five-dimensional theories compactified on an orbifold S1/(Z2 ×Z′2) in the presence of an external U(1) gauge field. From the four-dimensional point of view the theory contains a tower of Kaluza–Klein Dirac fermions with chiral couplings and it looks anomalous at the quantum level. We show that this “anomaly” is cancelled by a topological Chern–Simons term which is generated in the effective action when the gauge theory is regularized introducing a Pauli–Villars fermion with an odd mass term. In the presence of a classical background gauge field, the fermionic current acquires a vacuum expectation value, thus generating the suitable Chern–Simons term and a gauge invariant theory.

ON ANOMALIES IN ORBIFOLD THEORIES

PILO, LUIGI;
2002

Abstract

We study the issue of gauge invariance in five-dimensional theories compactified on an orbifold S1/(Z2 ×Z′2) in the presence of an external U(1) gauge field. From the four-dimensional point of view the theory contains a tower of Kaluza–Klein Dirac fermions with chiral couplings and it looks anomalous at the quantum level. We show that this “anomaly” is cancelled by a topological Chern–Simons term which is generated in the effective action when the gauge theory is regularized introducing a Pauli–Villars fermion with an odd mass term. In the presence of a classical background gauge field, the fermionic current acquires a vacuum expectation value, thus generating the suitable Chern–Simons term and a gauge invariant theory.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/6914
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