Analyses of biochemical and microbiological parameters such as pH, N-nitroso compound (NOC) concentration, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level, and total viable counts (TVCs), and identification of microorganisms were carried out on 65 fasting gastric juice samples obtained at endoscopy from 45 patients previously submitted to partial gastrectomy for benign peptic ulcer disease (23 Billroth I, 22 Billroth II/Reichel-Polya) and 20 normal controls. Biopsy specimens were taken to determine histology, the Helicobacter pylori status, and both tissue CEA immunoreactivity and level. Significantly higher mean pH values, NOC and CEA concentrations, and TVCs were found in partial gastrectomies compared with normal controls. In relation to surgical methods, higher mean pH values, NOC concentrations, TVCs, and anaerobic bacterial counts were observed in the juice of patients with Billroth II compared with Billroth I gastrectomies. Mild CEA immunoreactivity and apical CEA localization were found significantly more often in Billroth II than in Billroth I stumps. Intensive CEA immunoreactivity and cytoplasmatic localization were found significantly more often in Billroth I than in Billroth II stumps. Independent of the type of surgical reconstruction, higher mean NOC levels were recorded in patients with more severe histological changes and H. pylori infection. Higher mean CEA levels in gastric juice and tissue were detected in the gastric stumps with more severe histological changes. All these data suggest that high levels of NOCs in the gastric juice could be a cofactor in gastric stump carcinogenesis and determination of CEA level in gastric juice and tissue could be included as a very useful marker in quantifying this process.

N-Nitroso compounds, bacteria, and carcinoembryonic antigen in the gastric stump

GUADAGNI, Stefano;VALENTI, Marco;LEOCATA, Pietro;
1998

Abstract

Analyses of biochemical and microbiological parameters such as pH, N-nitroso compound (NOC) concentration, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level, and total viable counts (TVCs), and identification of microorganisms were carried out on 65 fasting gastric juice samples obtained at endoscopy from 45 patients previously submitted to partial gastrectomy for benign peptic ulcer disease (23 Billroth I, 22 Billroth II/Reichel-Polya) and 20 normal controls. Biopsy specimens were taken to determine histology, the Helicobacter pylori status, and both tissue CEA immunoreactivity and level. Significantly higher mean pH values, NOC and CEA concentrations, and TVCs were found in partial gastrectomies compared with normal controls. In relation to surgical methods, higher mean pH values, NOC concentrations, TVCs, and anaerobic bacterial counts were observed in the juice of patients with Billroth II compared with Billroth I gastrectomies. Mild CEA immunoreactivity and apical CEA localization were found significantly more often in Billroth II than in Billroth I stumps. Intensive CEA immunoreactivity and cytoplasmatic localization were found significantly more often in Billroth I than in Billroth II stumps. Independent of the type of surgical reconstruction, higher mean NOC levels were recorded in patients with more severe histological changes and H. pylori infection. Higher mean CEA levels in gastric juice and tissue were detected in the gastric stumps with more severe histological changes. All these data suggest that high levels of NOCs in the gastric juice could be a cofactor in gastric stump carcinogenesis and determination of CEA level in gastric juice and tissue could be included as a very useful marker in quantifying this process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/6970
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