Tunneling is studied here as a variational problem formulated in terms of a functional which approximates the rate function for large deviations in Ising systems with Glauber dynamics and Kac potentials, . The spatial domain is a two-dimensional square of side L with reflecting boundary conditions. For L large enough the penalty for tunneling from the minus to the plus equilibrium states is determined. Minimizing sequences are fully characterized and shown to have approximately a planar symmetry at all times, thus departing from the Wulff shape in the initial and final stages of the tunneling. In a final section (Sect. 11), we extend the results to d = 3 but their validity in d > 3 is still open
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