The bioconversion of propionitrile to propionamide was catalysed by nitrile hydratase (NHase) using resting cells of Microbacterium imperiale CBS 498-74 (formerly, Brevibacterium imperiale). This microorganism, cultivated in a shake flask, at 28°C, presented a specific NHase activity of 34.4 U mg DCW -1 (dry cell weight). The kinetic parameters, K m and Vmax, tested in 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, in the propionitrile bioconversion was evaluated in batch reactor at 10°C and resulted 21.6 mM and 11.04 ?mol min-1 mg DCW -1, respectively. The measured apparent activation energy, 25.54 kJ mol-1, indicated a partial control by mass transport, more likely through the cell wall. UF-membrane reactors were used for kinetic characterisation of the NHase catalysed reaction. The time dependence of enzyme deactivation on reaction temperature (from 5 to 25°C), on substrate concentrations (from 100 to 800 mM), and on resting cell loading (from 1.5 to 200 ?gDCW ml-1) indicated: lower diffusional control (Ea=37.73 kJ mol-1); and NHase irreversible damage caused by high substrate concentration. Finally, it is noteworthy that in an integral reactor continuously operating for 30 h, at 10°C, 100% conversion of propionitrile (200 mM) was attained using 200 ?gDCW ml -1 of resting cells, with a maximum volumetric productivity of 0.5 g l-1 h-1. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

A study in UF-membrane reactor on activity and stability of nitrile hydratase from Microbacterium imperiale CBS 498-74 resting cells for propioamide production

CANTARELLA, Maria;GALLIFUOCO A;
2004

Abstract

The bioconversion of propionitrile to propionamide was catalysed by nitrile hydratase (NHase) using resting cells of Microbacterium imperiale CBS 498-74 (formerly, Brevibacterium imperiale). This microorganism, cultivated in a shake flask, at 28°C, presented a specific NHase activity of 34.4 U mg DCW -1 (dry cell weight). The kinetic parameters, K m and Vmax, tested in 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, in the propionitrile bioconversion was evaluated in batch reactor at 10°C and resulted 21.6 mM and 11.04 ?mol min-1 mg DCW -1, respectively. The measured apparent activation energy, 25.54 kJ mol-1, indicated a partial control by mass transport, more likely through the cell wall. UF-membrane reactors were used for kinetic characterisation of the NHase catalysed reaction. The time dependence of enzyme deactivation on reaction temperature (from 5 to 25°C), on substrate concentrations (from 100 to 800 mM), and on resting cell loading (from 1.5 to 200 ?gDCW ml-1) indicated: lower diffusional control (Ea=37.73 kJ mol-1); and NHase irreversible damage caused by high substrate concentration. Finally, it is noteworthy that in an integral reactor continuously operating for 30 h, at 10°C, 100% conversion of propionitrile (200 mM) was attained using 200 ?gDCW ml -1 of resting cells, with a maximum volumetric productivity of 0.5 g l-1 h-1. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/7602
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