The atmospheric response to the tendency of oceanic equatorial temperature observed during recent decades has been simulated, leading to the identification of a possible link between tropical Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and Antarctic climate change. The dynamical mechanism, by which changes in tropical SSTs exert an influence on the upper latitude atmospheric dynamics, is investigated. The analysis of the simulations suggests that the perturbations of the atmospheric circulation are induced by changes in the annual cycle of the tropical convective activity, which influences the intensity of the wave forcing. In particular, the introduction of the SST perturbation generates a strong vertical wind shear at middle latitude during the Antarctic winter affecting the propagation of convectively generated waves during the following spring.

A physical mechanism of the atmospheric response over Antarctica to decadal trends in tropical SST

REDAELLI, GIANLUCA;
2006

Abstract

The atmospheric response to the tendency of oceanic equatorial temperature observed during recent decades has been simulated, leading to the identification of a possible link between tropical Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and Antarctic climate change. The dynamical mechanism, by which changes in tropical SSTs exert an influence on the upper latitude atmospheric dynamics, is investigated. The analysis of the simulations suggests that the perturbations of the atmospheric circulation are induced by changes in the annual cycle of the tropical convective activity, which influences the intensity of the wave forcing. In particular, the introduction of the SST perturbation generates a strong vertical wind shear at middle latitude during the Antarctic winter affecting the propagation of convectively generated waves during the following spring.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/7897
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