We report that prosaposin treatment induced extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and sphingosine kinase activity, increased DNA synthesis, and prevented cell apoptosis. Prosaposin treatment induced pheochromocytoma cells (PC12) to enter the S phase of the cell cycle; this effect was inhibited by the MEK inhibitor PD98059, indicating that prosaposin-induced ERK phosphorylation is required for stimulation of DNA synthesis. The prosaposin effect was also inhibited by pertussis toxin, indicating that the prosaposin receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor. Prosaposin rescued PC12 cells from apoptosis induced by staurosporine or ceramide. Sphingosine kinase activity was increased by prosaposin treatment. We propose that this effect is a mechanism underlying the proliferative and anti-apoptotic functions of prosaposin. Prosaposin appears to be a key regulatory factor in the ceramide-S-1-P rheostat, which regulates cell fate.

Prosaposin: a new player in cell death prevention of U937 monocytic cells

CIFONE, MARIA GRAZIA;
2004

Abstract

We report that prosaposin treatment induced extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and sphingosine kinase activity, increased DNA synthesis, and prevented cell apoptosis. Prosaposin treatment induced pheochromocytoma cells (PC12) to enter the S phase of the cell cycle; this effect was inhibited by the MEK inhibitor PD98059, indicating that prosaposin-induced ERK phosphorylation is required for stimulation of DNA synthesis. The prosaposin effect was also inhibited by pertussis toxin, indicating that the prosaposin receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor. Prosaposin rescued PC12 cells from apoptosis induced by staurosporine or ceramide. Sphingosine kinase activity was increased by prosaposin treatment. We propose that this effect is a mechanism underlying the proliferative and anti-apoptotic functions of prosaposin. Prosaposin appears to be a key regulatory factor in the ceramide-S-1-P rheostat, which regulates cell fate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/7997
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