Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate administered to adult lactating rats, from delivery to weaning, induces modifications of the peroxisomal enzymatic pattern in the liver, kidney and brain of both dams and pups. These modifications are age- and organ-dependent. Biochemical analysis shows that: 1) catalase specific activity is two-fold increased in the liver of both adult and newborn animals, in the kidney of newborns and in the brain of adults. 2)D-amino acid oxidase doubles in all newborn organs and in adult brain; it increases, although to a lesser extent, also in adult kidney, while it is half-reduced in adult liver. 3) Dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyl transferase only doubles in newborn liver, remaining fairly unchanged in all the other tested tissues. 4) Palmitoyl-CoA oxidase is greatly induced in the liver of both dams and litters, doubled in the kidneys and slightly increased or not at all in the brain of pups and mothers, respectively. The effect of the drug on enzyme activities is reversible, with different time courses depending on the considered enzyme and organ. Western blottings confirm the biochemical data. Electron microscopy shows proliferated peroxisomes in the liver and kidney of treated animals but not in the brain, where high catalase-like immunoreactivity is observed in the cytosol of neurons. Taken together, our data demonstrate that the response of peroxisomal enzymes to DEHP treatment is age- as well as tissue-dependent and specific for each enzyme studied.

Effects of Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate on peroxisomes of liver, kidney and brain of lactating rats and their pups

CIMINI, Anna Maria;
1994

Abstract

Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate administered to adult lactating rats, from delivery to weaning, induces modifications of the peroxisomal enzymatic pattern in the liver, kidney and brain of both dams and pups. These modifications are age- and organ-dependent. Biochemical analysis shows that: 1) catalase specific activity is two-fold increased in the liver of both adult and newborn animals, in the kidney of newborns and in the brain of adults. 2)D-amino acid oxidase doubles in all newborn organs and in adult brain; it increases, although to a lesser extent, also in adult kidney, while it is half-reduced in adult liver. 3) Dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyl transferase only doubles in newborn liver, remaining fairly unchanged in all the other tested tissues. 4) Palmitoyl-CoA oxidase is greatly induced in the liver of both dams and litters, doubled in the kidneys and slightly increased or not at all in the brain of pups and mothers, respectively. The effect of the drug on enzyme activities is reversible, with different time courses depending on the considered enzyme and organ. Western blottings confirm the biochemical data. Electron microscopy shows proliferated peroxisomes in the liver and kidney of treated animals but not in the brain, where high catalase-like immunoreactivity is observed in the cytosol of neurons. Taken together, our data demonstrate that the response of peroxisomal enzymes to DEHP treatment is age- as well as tissue-dependent and specific for each enzyme studied.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/8076
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact