Abstract The role played by serotonin (5-HT) in the regulation of bronchomotor tone has up to now been a much debated question, although there is good evidence that it induces intense bronchoconstriction after inhalation in asthmatic patients. Serotonin has been found to contract the tracheobronchial smooth muscle of different animals. Some data suggest that tracheobronchial contraction due to serotonin is mediated by its interaction with the S 1-receptor. The blockade of this receptor by ketanserin, a serotoninergic antagonist which primarily binds to S 2-serotoninergic receptors, produces bronchodilation. The respiratory effects of intravenously administered ketanserin (10 mg) or placebo were compared in a double-blind crossover study in 14 patients with chronic obstruction of the airways. The forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1) and the instantaneous forced expiratory flow after 50 percent of the forced vital capacity has been exhaled (FEF50%) did not change after placebo, but they increased significantly after administration of ketanserin. The results suggest that in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, serotonin may play a role in the development of obstruction of the airways, even if the mechanism remains undefined.

Ketanserin, a new blocking agent of serotonin S 2-receptors. Respiratory functional effects in chronic obstruction of the airways

PIETROLETTI, Renato;
1987

Abstract

Abstract The role played by serotonin (5-HT) in the regulation of bronchomotor tone has up to now been a much debated question, although there is good evidence that it induces intense bronchoconstriction after inhalation in asthmatic patients. Serotonin has been found to contract the tracheobronchial smooth muscle of different animals. Some data suggest that tracheobronchial contraction due to serotonin is mediated by its interaction with the S 1-receptor. The blockade of this receptor by ketanserin, a serotoninergic antagonist which primarily binds to S 2-serotoninergic receptors, produces bronchodilation. The respiratory effects of intravenously administered ketanserin (10 mg) or placebo were compared in a double-blind crossover study in 14 patients with chronic obstruction of the airways. The forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1) and the instantaneous forced expiratory flow after 50 percent of the forced vital capacity has been exhaled (FEF50%) did not change after placebo, but they increased significantly after administration of ketanserin. The results suggest that in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, serotonin may play a role in the development of obstruction of the airways, even if the mechanism remains undefined.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/8396
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