A simultaneous action of several pro-fibrotic mediators appears relevant in the development of fibrosis. There are evidences that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad3 pathway forms with avβ6 integrin, mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR) and peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-g (PPARg) a complex signalling network with extensive crosstalk and strong effects on fibrosis development. The present study evaluated the expression of TGFβ, Smad3, avβ6 integrin, mTOR and PPARg in 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS)- induced colorectal fibrosis in Smad3 wild-type (WT) and null mice. Smad3 WT mice treated with TNBS developed a marked colorectal fibrosis and showed a concomitant up-regulation of TGFβ, Smad3, avβ6 and mTOR and a reduction of PPARg expression. On the other hand, Smad3 Null mice similarly treated with TNBS did not develop fibrosis and showed a very low or even absent expression of TGFβ, Smad3, avβ6 and mTOR and a marked over-expression of PPARg. At the same time the expression of a-smooth muscle actin (a marker of activated myofibroblasts), collagen I-III and connective tissue growth factor (a downstream effector of TGFβ/Smad3- induced extracellular matrix proteins) were upregulated in Smad3 WT mice treated with TNBS compared to Null TNBS-treated mice. These preliminary results suggest a possible interaction between these pro-fibrotic molecules in the development of intestinal fibrosis.

Localization of auβ6 integrin- TGF-β1/Smad3, mTOR and PPARg in experimental colorectal fibrosis

LATELLA, GIOVANNI;VETUSCHI, ANTONELLA;SFERRA, ROBERTA;
2013-01-01

Abstract

A simultaneous action of several pro-fibrotic mediators appears relevant in the development of fibrosis. There are evidences that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad3 pathway forms with avβ6 integrin, mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR) and peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-g (PPARg) a complex signalling network with extensive crosstalk and strong effects on fibrosis development. The present study evaluated the expression of TGFβ, Smad3, avβ6 integrin, mTOR and PPARg in 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS)- induced colorectal fibrosis in Smad3 wild-type (WT) and null mice. Smad3 WT mice treated with TNBS developed a marked colorectal fibrosis and showed a concomitant up-regulation of TGFβ, Smad3, avβ6 and mTOR and a reduction of PPARg expression. On the other hand, Smad3 Null mice similarly treated with TNBS did not develop fibrosis and showed a very low or even absent expression of TGFβ, Smad3, avβ6 and mTOR and a marked over-expression of PPARg. At the same time the expression of a-smooth muscle actin (a marker of activated myofibroblasts), collagen I-III and connective tissue growth factor (a downstream effector of TGFβ/Smad3- induced extracellular matrix proteins) were upregulated in Smad3 WT mice treated with TNBS compared to Null TNBS-treated mice. These preliminary results suggest a possible interaction between these pro-fibrotic molecules in the development of intestinal fibrosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/88792
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