"Molecular-level structural information on amyloid aggregates is of great importance for the understanding of protein-misfolding-related deseases. Nevertheless, this kind of information is experimentally difficult to obtain. In this work, we used molecular dynamics (MD) simulations combined with a mixed quantum mechanics\/molecular mechanics theoretical methodology, the perturbed matrix method (PMM), in order to study the amide I′ IR spectrum of fibrils formed by a short peptide, the H1 peptide, derived from residues 109 through 122 of the Syrian hamster prion protein. The PMM\/MD approach allows isolation of the amide I′ signal arising from any desired peptide group of the polypeptide chain and quantification of the effect of the excitonic coupling on the frequency position. The calculated single-residue signals were found to be in good agreement with the experimental site-specific spectra obtained by means of isotope-labeled IR spectroscopy, providing a means for their interpretation at the molecular level. In particular, our results confirm the experimental hypothesis that residues ala117 are aligned in all strands and that the alignment gives rise to a red shift of the corresponding site-specific amide I′ mode due to strong excitonic coupling among the ala117 peptide groups. In addition, our data show that a red shift of the amide I′ band due to strong excitonic coupling can also occur for amino acids adjacent in sequence to the aligned ones. Thus, a red shift of the signal of a given isotope-labeled amino acid does not necessarily imply that the peptide groups under consideration are aligned in the β-sheet."

New Insight into the IR-Spectra/Structure Relationship in Amyloid Fibrils: A Theoretical Study on a Prion Peptide

ASCHI, MASSIMILIANO;DAIDONE, ISABELLA
2011-01-01

Abstract

"Molecular-level structural information on amyloid aggregates is of great importance for the understanding of protein-misfolding-related deseases. Nevertheless, this kind of information is experimentally difficult to obtain. In this work, we used molecular dynamics (MD) simulations combined with a mixed quantum mechanics\/molecular mechanics theoretical methodology, the perturbed matrix method (PMM), in order to study the amide I′ IR spectrum of fibrils formed by a short peptide, the H1 peptide, derived from residues 109 through 122 of the Syrian hamster prion protein. The PMM\/MD approach allows isolation of the amide I′ signal arising from any desired peptide group of the polypeptide chain and quantification of the effect of the excitonic coupling on the frequency position. The calculated single-residue signals were found to be in good agreement with the experimental site-specific spectra obtained by means of isotope-labeled IR spectroscopy, providing a means for their interpretation at the molecular level. In particular, our results confirm the experimental hypothesis that residues ala117 are aligned in all strands and that the alignment gives rise to a red shift of the corresponding site-specific amide I′ mode due to strong excitonic coupling among the ala117 peptide groups. In addition, our data show that a red shift of the amide I′ band due to strong excitonic coupling can also occur for amino acids adjacent in sequence to the aligned ones. Thus, a red shift of the signal of a given isotope-labeled amino acid does not necessarily imply that the peptide groups under consideration are aligned in the β-sheet."
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/89420
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