Background: Poor prognosis is associated with estrogen- and/or progesterone receptor-positive (ER(+), PGR(+)) premenopausal breast cancer (PM-BC) with high Ki-67 labeling index and extensive axillary lymph node involvement. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) and hormonal therapy have not yet been established in these patients. Patients and Methods: Twenty-five PM-BC patients received, in sequence, leuprorelin, taxane-anthracycline induction chemotherapy, radiation therapy, a platinum-based intensification high-dose CT, followed by leuprorelin and anastrazole for five years. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were measured as the primary end-point; secondary end-points were 10-year relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates. Results: The median patient age was 44 years, and the mean number of positive axillary nodes was 14. All patients were ER(+) and/or PGR(+), with a median Ki-67 index of 33%. Five patients were Cerb-B2 positive. Grade 4 hematologic toxicity was observed in all patients, no patient showed a decrease of cardiac ejection fraction and hot flashes and arthralgias were of moderate intensity. After a median follow-up of 70 months, VEGF levels significantly decreased (p<0.001); 10-year RFS and OS were 76% and 78%, respectively. Conclusion: Total estrogen blockade and high-dose CT in PM-BC patients is feasible, has moderate toxicity, significantly reduces VEGF levels, and seems to improve the expected RFS and OS

Premenopausal hormone-responsive breast cancer with extensive axillary nodes involvement: total estrogen blockade and chemotherapy

NECOZIONE, STEFANO;DESIDERI, GIOVAMBATTISTA;REA, Silvio
2011-01-01

Abstract

Background: Poor prognosis is associated with estrogen- and/or progesterone receptor-positive (ER(+), PGR(+)) premenopausal breast cancer (PM-BC) with high Ki-67 labeling index and extensive axillary lymph node involvement. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) and hormonal therapy have not yet been established in these patients. Patients and Methods: Twenty-five PM-BC patients received, in sequence, leuprorelin, taxane-anthracycline induction chemotherapy, radiation therapy, a platinum-based intensification high-dose CT, followed by leuprorelin and anastrazole for five years. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were measured as the primary end-point; secondary end-points were 10-year relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates. Results: The median patient age was 44 years, and the mean number of positive axillary nodes was 14. All patients were ER(+) and/or PGR(+), with a median Ki-67 index of 33%. Five patients were Cerb-B2 positive. Grade 4 hematologic toxicity was observed in all patients, no patient showed a decrease of cardiac ejection fraction and hot flashes and arthralgias were of moderate intensity. After a median follow-up of 70 months, VEGF levels significantly decreased (p<0.001); 10-year RFS and OS were 76% and 78%, respectively. Conclusion: Total estrogen blockade and high-dose CT in PM-BC patients is feasible, has moderate toxicity, significantly reduces VEGF levels, and seems to improve the expected RFS and OS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/89547
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