"Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) represents the most severe type of glioma, the most common brain tumor. Their malignancy shows a relationship with an increased proliferation and a poorly organized tumor vascularization, an event that leads to inadequate blood supply, hypoxic areas and at last to the formation of necrotic areas, a feature of glioblastoma. Hypoxic\/necrotic tumors are more resistant to chemotherapy and radiation therapies, thus it is crucial to formulate new therapeutic approaches that can render these tumors more sensitive to the action of conventional therapies. It has been demonstrated that under hypoxia, gliomas accumulate lipid droplets and that this event is positively correlated with the degree of malignancy, glioblastoma being the most endowed with lipid droplets. We have previously demonstrated in ex vivo glioma specimens a grade-dependent lipid metabolism perturbation. Here we studied the lipid pathways and the presence of stemness markers in glioma primary cultures, obtained from surgical specimens of patients affected by glioma at different grade of malignancy, GBM primary cultures cultured under both hypoxic and normoxic conditions, as well as normal human astrocytes. The results obtained demonstrate that hypoxia plays a crucial role in regulating the expression of lipid metabolism peroxisomal enzymes, the lipid droplets accumulation as well as the transcription factor PPAR alpha."

Hypoxia induces peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) and lipid metabolism peroxisomal enzymes in human glioblastoma cells.

BENEDETTI, ELISABETTA;CINQUE, BENEDETTA;ALECCI, MARCELLO;CIFONE, MARIA GRAZIA;GALZIO, RENATO;CIMINI, Anna Maria
2011

Abstract

"Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) represents the most severe type of glioma, the most common brain tumor. Their malignancy shows a relationship with an increased proliferation and a poorly organized tumor vascularization, an event that leads to inadequate blood supply, hypoxic areas and at last to the formation of necrotic areas, a feature of glioblastoma. Hypoxic\/necrotic tumors are more resistant to chemotherapy and radiation therapies, thus it is crucial to formulate new therapeutic approaches that can render these tumors more sensitive to the action of conventional therapies. It has been demonstrated that under hypoxia, gliomas accumulate lipid droplets and that this event is positively correlated with the degree of malignancy, glioblastoma being the most endowed with lipid droplets. We have previously demonstrated in ex vivo glioma specimens a grade-dependent lipid metabolism perturbation. Here we studied the lipid pathways and the presence of stemness markers in glioma primary cultures, obtained from surgical specimens of patients affected by glioma at different grade of malignancy, GBM primary cultures cultured under both hypoxic and normoxic conditions, as well as normal human astrocytes. The results obtained demonstrate that hypoxia plays a crucial role in regulating the expression of lipid metabolism peroxisomal enzymes, the lipid droplets accumulation as well as the transcription factor PPAR alpha."
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/89676
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